Combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant analysis to characterize regions in loop E of the CP47 protein in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

M. Tichy, Willem Vermaas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deletion of the I265-F268 and T271-K277 regions in the large lumenally exposed loop of the CP47 protein are known to lead to a loss of photoautotrophic growth. Here, these regions have been investigated by combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant mapping. No single amino-acid residue in the I265-F268 region was found to be critical for function, but a large hydrophobic residue at position 267 and preferentially an aromatic residue at position 268 appeared to be required for photoautotrophic growth. Starting from an obligate photoheterotrophic mutant lacking the T271-K277 region, photoautotrophic pseudorevertants were generated with short in-frame tandem repeats near the site of the original deletion, partially or fully restoring the length of the original protein. These pseudorevertants were sensitive to oxygen indicating that the T271-K277 region may provide PS II stability and/or protection against oxygen-dependent photoinactivation. Pseudorevertants with much improved photoautotrophic growth were also generated for one of the combinatorial mutants in the I265-F268 region. Surprisingly, the secondary mutations in these pseudorevertants mapped to the ferrochelatase gene. We speculate that the secondary mutation in ferrochelatase gene resulted in altered ferrochelatase activity. Decreased heme (phycobilin) biosynthesis and/or increased chlorophyll biosynthesis could then lead to improved PS II performance of the combinatorial CP47 mutant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6296-6301
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume267
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ferrochelatase
Synechocystis
Mutagenesis
Biosynthesis
Phycobilins
Growth
Genes
Oxygen
Mutation
Proteins
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Chlorophyll
Heme
Amino Acids

Keywords

  • Combinatorial mutagenesis
  • Photosystem II
  • psbB
  • Pseudorevertant
  • Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant analysis to characterize regions in loop E of the CP47 protein in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803",
abstract = "Deletion of the I265-F268 and T271-K277 regions in the large lumenally exposed loop of the CP47 protein are known to lead to a loss of photoautotrophic growth. Here, these regions have been investigated by combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant mapping. No single amino-acid residue in the I265-F268 region was found to be critical for function, but a large hydrophobic residue at position 267 and preferentially an aromatic residue at position 268 appeared to be required for photoautotrophic growth. Starting from an obligate photoheterotrophic mutant lacking the T271-K277 region, photoautotrophic pseudorevertants were generated with short in-frame tandem repeats near the site of the original deletion, partially or fully restoring the length of the original protein. These pseudorevertants were sensitive to oxygen indicating that the T271-K277 region may provide PS II stability and/or protection against oxygen-dependent photoinactivation. Pseudorevertants with much improved photoautotrophic growth were also generated for one of the combinatorial mutants in the I265-F268 region. Surprisingly, the secondary mutations in these pseudorevertants mapped to the ferrochelatase gene. We speculate that the secondary mutation in ferrochelatase gene resulted in altered ferrochelatase activity. Decreased heme (phycobilin) biosynthesis and/or increased chlorophyll biosynthesis could then lead to improved PS II performance of the combinatorial CP47 mutant.",
keywords = "Combinatorial mutagenesis, Photosystem II, psbB, Pseudorevertant, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803",
author = "M. Tichy and Willem Vermaas",
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T1 - Combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant analysis to characterize regions in loop E of the CP47 protein in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

AU - Tichy, M.

AU - Vermaas, Willem

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Deletion of the I265-F268 and T271-K277 regions in the large lumenally exposed loop of the CP47 protein are known to lead to a loss of photoautotrophic growth. Here, these regions have been investigated by combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant mapping. No single amino-acid residue in the I265-F268 region was found to be critical for function, but a large hydrophobic residue at position 267 and preferentially an aromatic residue at position 268 appeared to be required for photoautotrophic growth. Starting from an obligate photoheterotrophic mutant lacking the T271-K277 region, photoautotrophic pseudorevertants were generated with short in-frame tandem repeats near the site of the original deletion, partially or fully restoring the length of the original protein. These pseudorevertants were sensitive to oxygen indicating that the T271-K277 region may provide PS II stability and/or protection against oxygen-dependent photoinactivation. Pseudorevertants with much improved photoautotrophic growth were also generated for one of the combinatorial mutants in the I265-F268 region. Surprisingly, the secondary mutations in these pseudorevertants mapped to the ferrochelatase gene. We speculate that the secondary mutation in ferrochelatase gene resulted in altered ferrochelatase activity. Decreased heme (phycobilin) biosynthesis and/or increased chlorophyll biosynthesis could then lead to improved PS II performance of the combinatorial CP47 mutant.

AB - Deletion of the I265-F268 and T271-K277 regions in the large lumenally exposed loop of the CP47 protein are known to lead to a loss of photoautotrophic growth. Here, these regions have been investigated by combinatorial mutagenesis and pseudorevertant mapping. No single amino-acid residue in the I265-F268 region was found to be critical for function, but a large hydrophobic residue at position 267 and preferentially an aromatic residue at position 268 appeared to be required for photoautotrophic growth. Starting from an obligate photoheterotrophic mutant lacking the T271-K277 region, photoautotrophic pseudorevertants were generated with short in-frame tandem repeats near the site of the original deletion, partially or fully restoring the length of the original protein. These pseudorevertants were sensitive to oxygen indicating that the T271-K277 region may provide PS II stability and/or protection against oxygen-dependent photoinactivation. Pseudorevertants with much improved photoautotrophic growth were also generated for one of the combinatorial mutants in the I265-F268 region. Surprisingly, the secondary mutations in these pseudorevertants mapped to the ferrochelatase gene. We speculate that the secondary mutation in ferrochelatase gene resulted in altered ferrochelatase activity. Decreased heme (phycobilin) biosynthesis and/or increased chlorophyll biosynthesis could then lead to improved PS II performance of the combinatorial CP47 mutant.

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