Colorimetric Dual Sensors of Metal Ions Based on 1,2,3-Triazole-4,5-Dicarboxylic Acid-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles

Palash Mondal, Jeffery L. Yarger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A simple, rapid, selective, and cost-effective colorimetric assay for Cr3+ and Eu3+ ion detection has been developed using functionalized gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared using HAuCl4, where sodium citrate is a reducing agent as well as a capping agent, and then functionalized with 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (TADA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies suggested that TADA was functionalized on the surface of AuNPs through the N atom of triazole. The TADA-functionalized gold nanoparticles (TADA@AuNPs) simultaneously detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from aqueous solution and showed different responses to the two metal ions (Cr3+ and Eu3+) based on an aggregation-induced color change of AuNPs. They showed a color change from wine red to blue, which was easily detected by the naked eye, as well as by UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopies. The surface plasmon resonance absorbances of Cr3+ and Eu3+ are 633 and 671 nm, respectively, when Cr3+ and Eu3+ react with TADA@AuNPs and showed good linearity with Cr3+ and Eu3+ concentrations with detection limits 5.89 nM and 4.30 μM, respectively (S/N = 3). The TADA@AuNPs showed excellent selectivity toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ compared to those of the 16 different metal ions. We had also tested the selectivity of TADA@AuNPs toward Eu3+ compared to that of the other 10 lanthanide systems. Optimal detection was achieved toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions in the pH range 4-10. In addition, TADA@AuNPs were applied to detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from lake water showing low interference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dicarboxylic Acids
Triazoles
dicarboxylic acids
Gold
Metal ions
metal ions
gold
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Acids
sensors
Sensors
Ions
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
ions
selectivity
infrared spectroscopy
Color
color
wines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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title = "Colorimetric Dual Sensors of Metal Ions Based on 1,2,3-Triazole-4,5-Dicarboxylic Acid-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles",
abstract = "A simple, rapid, selective, and cost-effective colorimetric assay for Cr3+ and Eu3+ ion detection has been developed using functionalized gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared using HAuCl4, where sodium citrate is a reducing agent as well as a capping agent, and then functionalized with 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (TADA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies suggested that TADA was functionalized on the surface of AuNPs through the N atom of triazole. The TADA-functionalized gold nanoparticles (TADA@AuNPs) simultaneously detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from aqueous solution and showed different responses to the two metal ions (Cr3+ and Eu3+) based on an aggregation-induced color change of AuNPs. They showed a color change from wine red to blue, which was easily detected by the naked eye, as well as by UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopies. The surface plasmon resonance absorbances of Cr3+ and Eu3+ are 633 and 671 nm, respectively, when Cr3+ and Eu3+ react with TADA@AuNPs and showed good linearity with Cr3+ and Eu3+ concentrations with detection limits 5.89 nM and 4.30 μM, respectively (S/N = 3). The TADA@AuNPs showed excellent selectivity toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ compared to those of the 16 different metal ions. We had also tested the selectivity of TADA@AuNPs toward Eu3+ compared to that of the other 10 lanthanide systems. Optimal detection was achieved toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions in the pH range 4-10. In addition, TADA@AuNPs were applied to detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from lake water showing low interference.",
author = "Palash Mondal and Yarger, {Jeffery L.}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b03721",
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AU - Mondal, Palash

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N2 - A simple, rapid, selective, and cost-effective colorimetric assay for Cr3+ and Eu3+ ion detection has been developed using functionalized gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared using HAuCl4, where sodium citrate is a reducing agent as well as a capping agent, and then functionalized with 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (TADA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies suggested that TADA was functionalized on the surface of AuNPs through the N atom of triazole. The TADA-functionalized gold nanoparticles (TADA@AuNPs) simultaneously detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from aqueous solution and showed different responses to the two metal ions (Cr3+ and Eu3+) based on an aggregation-induced color change of AuNPs. They showed a color change from wine red to blue, which was easily detected by the naked eye, as well as by UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopies. The surface plasmon resonance absorbances of Cr3+ and Eu3+ are 633 and 671 nm, respectively, when Cr3+ and Eu3+ react with TADA@AuNPs and showed good linearity with Cr3+ and Eu3+ concentrations with detection limits 5.89 nM and 4.30 μM, respectively (S/N = 3). The TADA@AuNPs showed excellent selectivity toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ compared to those of the 16 different metal ions. We had also tested the selectivity of TADA@AuNPs toward Eu3+ compared to that of the other 10 lanthanide systems. Optimal detection was achieved toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions in the pH range 4-10. In addition, TADA@AuNPs were applied to detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from lake water showing low interference.

AB - A simple, rapid, selective, and cost-effective colorimetric assay for Cr3+ and Eu3+ ion detection has been developed using functionalized gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared using HAuCl4, where sodium citrate is a reducing agent as well as a capping agent, and then functionalized with 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (TADA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies suggested that TADA was functionalized on the surface of AuNPs through the N atom of triazole. The TADA-functionalized gold nanoparticles (TADA@AuNPs) simultaneously detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from aqueous solution and showed different responses to the two metal ions (Cr3+ and Eu3+) based on an aggregation-induced color change of AuNPs. They showed a color change from wine red to blue, which was easily detected by the naked eye, as well as by UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopies. The surface plasmon resonance absorbances of Cr3+ and Eu3+ are 633 and 671 nm, respectively, when Cr3+ and Eu3+ react with TADA@AuNPs and showed good linearity with Cr3+ and Eu3+ concentrations with detection limits 5.89 nM and 4.30 μM, respectively (S/N = 3). The TADA@AuNPs showed excellent selectivity toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ compared to those of the 16 different metal ions. We had also tested the selectivity of TADA@AuNPs toward Eu3+ compared to that of the other 10 lanthanide systems. Optimal detection was achieved toward Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions in the pH range 4-10. In addition, TADA@AuNPs were applied to detect Cr3+ and Eu3+ ions from lake water showing low interference.

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