A colored graph is a graph whose vertices have been properly, though not necessarily optimally colored, with integers. Colored graphs have a natural orientation in which edges are directed from the end point with smaller color to the end point with larger color. A subgraph of a colored graph is colorful if each of its vertices has a distinct color. We prove that there exists a function f(k, n) such that for any colored graph G, if χ(G)>f(ω(G), n) then G induces either a colorful out directed star with n leaves or a colorful directed path on n vertices. We also show that this result would be false if either alternative was omitted. Our results provide a solution to Problem 115, Discrete Math. 79.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics