Colloidal nanocrystals consist of an inorganic crystalline core with organic ligands bound to the surface and naturally self-assemble into periodic arrays known as superlattices. This periodic structure makes superlattices promising for phononic crystal applications. To explore this potential, we use plane wave expansion methods to model the phonon band structure. We find that the nanoscale periodicity of these superlattices yield phononic band gaps with very high center frequencies on the order of 102 GHz. We also find that the large acoustic contrast between the hard nanocrystal cores and the soft ligand matrix lead to very large phononic band gap widths on the order of 101 GHz. We systematically vary nanocrystal core diameter, d, nanocrystal core elastic modulus, ENC core, interparticle distance (i.e. ligand length), L, and ligand elastic modulus, Eligand, and report on the corresponding effects on the phonon band structure. Our modeling shows that the band gap center frequency increases as d and L are decreased, or as ENC core and Eligand are increased. The band gap width behaves non-monotonically with d, L, ENC core, and Eligand, and intercoupling of these variables can eliminate the band gap. Lastly, we observe multiple phononic band gaps in many superlattices and find a correlation between an increase in the number of band gaps and increases in d and ENC core. We find that increases in the property mismatch between phononic crystal components (i.e. d/L and ENC core/Eligand) flattens the phonon branches and are a key driver in increasing the number of phononic band gaps. Our predicted phononic band gap center frequencies and widths far exceed those in current experimental demonstrations of 3-dimensional phononic crystals. This suggests that colloidal nanocrystal superlattices are promising candidates for use in high frequency phononic crystal applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)