Collateral effects on solar nebula oxygen isotopes due to injection of 26al by a nearby supernova

Carola I. Ellinger, Patrick Young, Steven Desch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injection of material from a core-collapse supernova into the solar system's already-formed disk is one proposed mechanism for producing the short-lived radionuclides, such as 26Al and 41Ca, inferred from isotopic studies of meteorites to have existed in the solar nebula. This hypothesis has recently been challenged on the basis that the injection of enough supernova material to match the meteoritic abundances of 26Al and 41Ca would produce large, measurable, and unobserved collateral effects on oxygen isotopes. Here we calculate again the shifts in oxygen isotopes due to the injection of supernova material in the solar nebula, using a variety of nucleosynthetic conditions of our own progenitor explosions. Unlike previous studies of this type, we also consider the effect of non-homogeneity in abundance distribution of the nucleosynthesis products after the explosion. We calculate the shifts in oxygen isotopes due to the injection of sufficient supernova material to produce the meteoritic abundances of 26Al and 41Ca, and analyze the predicted shifts in detail for compatibility with meteoritic data. We find that the range in possible isotopic shifts is considerable and sensitive to parameters such as progenitor mass and anisotropy of the explosion; however, a small number of compatible scenarios do exist. Because of the wide range of outcomes and the sensitivity of isotopic yields to assumed conditions, it is difficult to constrain the supernova that may have led to the injection of 26Al in the solar nebula. Conversely, we argue that the existence of viable counterexamples demonstrates that it is premature to use oxygen isotopes to rule out the injection of 26Al and 41Ca into the solar nebula protoplanetary disk by a nearby supernova.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1506
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume725
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2010

Fingerprint

solar nebula
oxygen isotopes
oxygen isotope
supernovae
injection
explosion
explosions
shift
type of study
meteorite
solar system
radionuclide
anisotropy
protoplanetary disks
meteorites
nuclear fusion
radioactive isotopes
compatibility
material
effect

Keywords

  • Planetary systems
  • Protoplanetary disks
  • Supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Collateral effects on solar nebula oxygen isotopes due to injection of 26al by a nearby supernova. / Ellinger, Carola I.; Young, Patrick; Desch, Steven.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 725, No. 2, 20.12.2010, p. 1495-1506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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