Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety-disordered youth: Secondary outcomes from a randomized clinical trial evaluating child and family modalities

Cynthia Suveg, Jennifer L. Hudson, Gene Brewer, Ellen Flannery-Schroeder, Elizabeth Gosch, Philip C. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined secondary outcomes of a randomized clinical trial that evaluated an individual cognitive-behavioral (ICBT), family-based cognitive-behavioral (FCBT), and family-based education, support and attention (FESA) treatment for anxious youth. Participants (161) were between 7 and 14 years (M = 10.27) of age and had a principal diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and/or generalized anxiety disorder. Hierarchical linear modeling examined youth-reported depressive symptomatology and parent- and teacher-reported externalizing behavior and adaptive functioning at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 1-year follow-up. In general, youth in all treatments evidenced improvements in most domains, with improvements maintained at follow-up. Overall, gender and age did not moderate treatment outcomes. The results suggest that both child and family cognitive-behavioral therapy, and the family-based supportive approach used in this study, can be effective in addressing some of the associated symptoms and adaptive functioning deficits typically linked to anxiety in youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-349
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Children
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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