Cognitive Abilities, Personality and Gender Differences in Math Achievement of Gifted Adolescents

Neil C. Weiner, Sharon Kurpius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to determine whether mathematically gifted boys and girls were significantly different in cognitive abilities and personality factors and to determine whether these cognnve abilities and personality factors were accurate predictors of mathematical achievement. Mathematically gifted boys (n = 77) and girls (n = 62) completed a mathematics reasoning test (SAT-M), a verbal reasoning test (SAT-V), a measure of spatial ability (Group Embedded Figures Test), and personality test (California Psychological Inventory). They received mathematics achievement ratings depending on the number of summer courses completed. The findings indicated that boys not only have higher mathematical reasoning ability than girls, but alslo that this ability is the single best predictor of their mathematical achievement. Verbal ability is the best predictor of mathematical achievement for the girls. For both the girls and the boys, neither spatial reasoning ability nor personality factors significantly predicted mathematical achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalGifted Child Quarterly
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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