We present results from an experimental and theoretical investigation into the blowout mechanism in turbulent diffusion flames. The blowout stability limits of coflowing turbulent jet diffusion flames are formulated in terms of a recently proposed flame stabilization mechanism based on the large scale organization of entrainment and mixing observed in turbulent shear flows. In contrast to the linear similarity scaling of the more commonly studied simple turbulent jet flames, the nonlinear scaling of coflowing turbulent jets allows an essential element of this stabilization mechanism to be investigated. Results show that when the flame stability criterion is evaluated for the last large structure in the flame as is consistent with the underlying physical picture for this stabilization mechanism, a large reduction in the blowout limit is expected for even a small coflow velocity. This phenomenon is experimentally verified and good quantitative agreement is demonstrated with a set of measurements for the blowout limits of such coflowing turbulent jet flames.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes