Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking: II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior

William R. Marshall, Samuel B. Green, Leonard H. Epstein, Charles M. Rogers, James F. McCoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption, urinary pH, and cigarette smoking. Urine acidity levels were manipulated and the resulting effect on cigarette smoking was monitored. Each of eight subjects participated in each of four conditions in which they received: water, coffee, coffee plus sodium bicarbonate, or coffee plus ascorbic acid. Subjects provided both pre- and post-session urine specimens, which were analyzed to determine pH, and cigarette butts were collected. The results showed that subjects smoke more cigarettes in a one hour session when they receive coffee. However, coffee did not have the effect of increasing urine acidity in one hour so that increased urine acidity cannot account for observed smoking increases. The results are discussed in terms of a stimulus control explanation for the relationship between coffee consumption and cigarette smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coffee
Tobacco Products
Drinking
Smoking
Acidity
Urine
Sodium Bicarbonate
Smoke
Ascorbic Acid
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Marshall, W. R., Green, S. B., Epstein, L. H., Rogers, C. M., & McCoy, J. F. (1980). Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking: II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior. Addictive Behaviors, 5(4), 395-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(80)90013-1

Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking : II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior. / Marshall, William R.; Green, Samuel B.; Epstein, Leonard H.; Rogers, Charles M.; McCoy, James F.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1980, p. 395-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marshall, William R. ; Green, Samuel B. ; Epstein, Leonard H. ; Rogers, Charles M. ; McCoy, James F. / Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking : II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior. In: Addictive Behaviors. 1980 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 395-400.
@article{45292d6d12364738b92ab9f0f0a14c99,
title = "Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking: II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior",
abstract = "This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption, urinary pH, and cigarette smoking. Urine acidity levels were manipulated and the resulting effect on cigarette smoking was monitored. Each of eight subjects participated in each of four conditions in which they received: water, coffee, coffee plus sodium bicarbonate, or coffee plus ascorbic acid. Subjects provided both pre- and post-session urine specimens, which were analyzed to determine pH, and cigarette butts were collected. The results showed that subjects smoke more cigarettes in a one hour session when they receive coffee. However, coffee did not have the effect of increasing urine acidity in one hour so that increased urine acidity cannot account for observed smoking increases. The results are discussed in terms of a stimulus control explanation for the relationship between coffee consumption and cigarette smoking.",
author = "Marshall, {William R.} and Green, {Samuel B.} and Epstein, {Leonard H.} and Rogers, {Charles M.} and McCoy, {James F.}",
year = "1980",
doi = "10.1016/0306-4603(80)90013-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "395--400",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coffee drinking and cigarette smoking

T2 - II. coffee, urinary pH and cigarette smoking behavior

AU - Marshall, William R.

AU - Green, Samuel B.

AU - Epstein, Leonard H.

AU - Rogers, Charles M.

AU - McCoy, James F.

PY - 1980

Y1 - 1980

N2 - This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption, urinary pH, and cigarette smoking. Urine acidity levels were manipulated and the resulting effect on cigarette smoking was monitored. Each of eight subjects participated in each of four conditions in which they received: water, coffee, coffee plus sodium bicarbonate, or coffee plus ascorbic acid. Subjects provided both pre- and post-session urine specimens, which were analyzed to determine pH, and cigarette butts were collected. The results showed that subjects smoke more cigarettes in a one hour session when they receive coffee. However, coffee did not have the effect of increasing urine acidity in one hour so that increased urine acidity cannot account for observed smoking increases. The results are discussed in terms of a stimulus control explanation for the relationship between coffee consumption and cigarette smoking.

AB - This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption, urinary pH, and cigarette smoking. Urine acidity levels were manipulated and the resulting effect on cigarette smoking was monitored. Each of eight subjects participated in each of four conditions in which they received: water, coffee, coffee plus sodium bicarbonate, or coffee plus ascorbic acid. Subjects provided both pre- and post-session urine specimens, which were analyzed to determine pH, and cigarette butts were collected. The results showed that subjects smoke more cigarettes in a one hour session when they receive coffee. However, coffee did not have the effect of increasing urine acidity in one hour so that increased urine acidity cannot account for observed smoking increases. The results are discussed in terms of a stimulus control explanation for the relationship between coffee consumption and cigarette smoking.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019161977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019161977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0306-4603(80)90013-1

DO - 10.1016/0306-4603(80)90013-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0019161977

VL - 5

SP - 395

EP - 400

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 4

ER -