Cochlear implantation for single-sided deafness in children and adolescents

Daniel M. Zeitler, Douglas P. Sladen, Melissa D. DeJong, Jennifer H. Torres, Michael Dorman, Matthew L. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate outcomes in pediatric and adolescent patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) undergoing cochlear implantation. Methods: A retrospective cohort design at two tertiary level academic cochlear implant centers. The subjects included nine children ages 1.5 to 15 years-old with single-sided deafness (SSD) who had undergone cochlear implantation in the affected ear. Objective outcome measures included were speech reception testing in quiet and noise, bimodal speech reception threshold testing in noise, tinnitus suppression, and device usage. Results: Nine pediatric and adolescent patients with SSD were implanted between 2011 and 2017. The median age at implantation was 8.9 years (range, 1.5–15.1) and the children had a median duration of deafness 2.9 years (range, 0.8–9.5). There was variability in testing measures due to patient age. Median pre-operative aided word recognition scores on the affected side were <30% regardless of the testing paradigm used. Six patients had pre-operative word testing (4 CNC, median score 25%; 2 MLNT, 8% and 17%). Four patients had pre-operative sentence testing (3 AzBio, median score 44%; 1 HINT-C, 57%). Median post-implantation follow-up interval was 12.3 months (range, 3–27.6 months). Six subjects had post-operative word recognition testing (CNC median, 70%; MLNT 50%, 92%) with a median improvement of 45.5% points. Five subjects had post-operative sentence testing (AzBio, median 82%; HINT, median 76%), with a median improvement of 40.5% points. Eight patients are full time users of their device. Tinnitus and bimodal speech reception thresholds in noise were improved. Conclusion: Pediatric subjects with SSD benefit substantially from cochlear implantation. Objective speech outcome measures are improved in both quiet and noise, and bimodal speech reception thresholds in noise are greatly improved. There is a low rate of device non-use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cochlear implantation
  • Pediatric
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Single-sided deafness
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Zeitler, D. M., Sladen, D. P., DeJong, M. D., Torres, J. H., Dorman, M., & Carlson, M. L. (2019). Cochlear implantation for single-sided deafness in children and adolescents. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 118, 128-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.12.037