Co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse in the criminal justice system

Some implications for local jurisdictions

Michael D. White, John S. Goldkamp, Suzanne P. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increasing role of police, courts, and corrections in dealing with the mentally ill represents a significant challenge facing local justice systems. This article considers the impact of mentally ill and substance-abusing offenders in Santa Fe, New Mexico, by comparing a random sample of individuals detained on protective custody and mental health holds (n = 338) to a random sample of defendants arrested on criminal charges (n = 153). Results indicate that police encounter individuals with co-occurring disorders on a daily basis and that individuals detained on holds are much more likely than are those arrested to generate additional police contacts during a 1-year follow-up period. Individuals with co-occurring disorders also represent a serious financial burden on the local system, particularly in terms of confinement costs. The article concludes with a discussion of implications for criminal justice policy and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-326
Number of pages26
JournalPrison Journal
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

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mental illness
substance abuse
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random sample
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criminal justice policy
child custody
offender
Mexico
mental health
contact
costs

Keywords

  • Co-occurring disorders
  • Criminal justice
  • Mental illness
  • Mentally ill
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse in the criminal justice system : Some implications for local jurisdictions. / White, Michael D.; Goldkamp, John S.; Campbell, Suzanne P.

In: Prison Journal, Vol. 86, No. 3, 09.2006, p. 301-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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