Co-location of air capture, subseafloor CO2 sequestration, and energy production on the Kerguelen plateau

David S. Goldberg, Klaus S. Lackner, Patrick Han, Angela L. Slagle, Tao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reducing atmospheric CO2 using a combination of air capture and offshore geological storage can address technical and policy concerns with climate mitigation. Because CO2 mixes rapidly in the atmosphere, air capture could operate anywhere and in principle reduce CO2 to preindustrial levels. We investigate the Kerguelen plateau in the Indian Ocean, which offers steady wind resources, vast subseafloor storage capacities, and minimal risk of economic damages or human inconvenience and harm. The efficiency of humidity swing driven air capture under humid and windy conditions is tested in the laboratory. Powered by wind, we estimate ∼75 Mt CO2/yr could be collected using air capture and sequestered below seafloor or partially used for synfuel. Our analysis suggests that Kerguelen offers a remote and environmentally secure location for CO2 sequestration using renewable energy. Regional reservoirs could hold over 1500 Gt CO2, sequestering a large fraction of 21st century emissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7521-7529
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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