Clinical implications of stigma in HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections

T. M.S. Neal, B. Lichtenstein, S. L. Brodsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study sought to identify stigma differences between HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Interviewees from Alabama, USA (n = 537) rated two types of stigma (damage to social reputation and 'moral weakness') for seven infections ranging from 'nuisance' conditions (e.g. pubic lice) to life-threatening disease (e.g. HIV/AIDS). When asked which of the seven STIs would be most damaging to reputation, 74.8% of respondents chose HIV/AIDS. However, when asked to choose which STI represented moral weakness in infected persons, HIV/AIDS was rated as significantly lower than the other STIs, which suggests that HIV/AIDS is perceived differently than non-HIV STIs. This study addresses the possibility that advances in public awareness of HIV/AIDS have not necessarily been extrapolated into awareness of other STIs. Clinicians should be aware of these high levels of stigma as potential barriers to treatment for all STIs. Public health officials should consider the impact of undifferentiated stigma on STI prevention messages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-160
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Barriers to treatment
  • Damage to reputation
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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