Climate justice planning in global south: Applying a coupled nature-human flood risk assessment framework in a case for ho chi minh city, Vietnam

Chen Fa Wu, Szu Hung Chen, Chingwen Cheng, Luu Van Thong Trac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Developing countries in the global south that contribute less to climate change have suffered greater from its impacts, such as extreme climatic events and disasters compared to developed countries, causing climate justice concerns globally. Ho Chi Minh City has experienced increased intensity and frequency of climate change-induced urban floods, causing socio-economic damage that disturbs their livelihoods while urban populations continue to grow. This study aims to establish a citywide flood risk map to inform risk management in the city and address climate justice locally. This study applied a flood risk assessment framework integrating a coupled nature-human approach and examined the spatial distribution of urban flood hazard and urban flood vulnerability. A flood hazard map was generated using selected morphological and hydro-meteorological indicators. A flood vulnerability map was generated based on a literature review and a social survey weighed by experts’ priorities using the Fuzzy Delphi Method and Analytic Network Process. Vulnerability indicators including demographic characteristics, infrastructure, and land use patterns were used to generate a flood vulnerability map. The results illustrate that almost the entire central and northeastern parts of the city are at high flood risk, whereas the western part is at low flood risk. The findings have implications in urban planning via identifying risk hot spots in order to prioritize resources for mitigating hazards and enhancing community resilience to urban floods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2021
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Analytical network process
  • Flood hazard
  • Flood risk
  • Fuzzy delphi method
  • Ho chi minh city
  • Vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

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