Climate Change Effects on Thermal Power Generation and Projected Losses in Generation and Income in the U.S. For the Period 2020-2050

Vikramaditya Penmetsa, Keith E. Holbert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Greenhouse gas emissions from fossil power plants contribute significantly toward climate change. Simultaneously, the increase in ambient air and water temperatures reduces thermal power generation. Coal, nuclear and natural gas plants experience a 0.25%-0.72% reduction in power output for a 1°C increase in the ambient temperature. As ambient temperatures increase, generation losses from coal, nuclear and natural gas together are predicted to increase at an average rate of around 700 GWh/y. At this rate, average annual generation losses could add up to around 29 TWh for coal, nuclear and natural gas combined in 2050. Approximately ten additional 600 MW power plants might be needed to replace this lost electricity by 2050. Concurrently, average losses in generation income could total $1400 million for these thermal plants in 2050. Changes in solar and hydro power are also briefly compared. Finally, the importance of water availability and the effects of extreme climate events on thermal power plants are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 52nd North American Power Symposium, NAPS 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728181929
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event52nd North American Power Symposium, NAPS 2020 - Tempe, United States
Duration: Apr 11 2021Apr 13 2021

Publication series

Name2020 52nd North American Power Symposium, NAPS 2020

Conference

Conference52nd North American Power Symposium, NAPS 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityTempe
Period4/11/214/13/21

Keywords

  • climate change
  • Power generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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