Climate and the evolution of Mountains

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

New research by the scientists have proved a deep relationship between climate and the evolution of mountain systems. Convection cells of moisture-laden air continually rise, in a vain attempt to breach the wall of the Himalayas. The Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic system has a natural tendency to spread out to dissipate the excess potential energy it has by virtue of the difference between the crust thickness and that of the adjacent lowlands. An evidence has been found that suggests that the lower crust underneath Tibet is also flowing southward, directly toward the Himalayan mountain front. The rains has driven erosion along the Himalayan range front, resulting in the southern margin of the Tibetan Plateau migrating northward. Rapid uplift is usually correlated with high topographic change in elevation over a short horizontal distance in mountain system. Higher rates of precipitation could lead to higher rates of erosion along the Himalayan front.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalScientific American
Volume295
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

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