Clarifying the contribution of subjective norm to predicting leisure-time exercise

Morris A. Okun, Paul Karoly, Rafer Lutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To clarify the contribution of subjective norm to exercise intention and behavior by considering the influence of descriptive as well as injunctive social norms related to family and friends. Methods: A sample of 530 college students completed a questionnaire that assessed descriptive and injunctive social norms related to family and to friends, perceived behavioral control, attitude, intention, and leisure-time exercise. Results: Friend descriptive social norm was a significant predictor of both intention (p<.05) and leisure-time exercise (p<.001). Conclusion: Descriptive norms should be incorporated into tests of the theory of planned behavior in the exercise domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-305
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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