City carbon budgets: A proposal to align incentives for climate-friendly communities

Deborah Salon, Daniel Sperling, Alan Meier, Sinnott Murphy, Roger Gorham, James Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Local governments can have a large effect on carbon emissions through land use zoning, building codes, transport infrastructure investments, and support for transportation alternatives. This paper proposes a climate policy instrument - city carbon budgets - that provides a durable framework for local governments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local governments would be assigned an emissions "budget", and would be required to keep annual local transport and buildings emissions within this budget. This policy framework could be implemented and managed by a higher-level government, or might be used in awarding funds to developing country cities from international climate funds. The state of California has enacted a version of this policy. In this paper, we identify and evaluate options for creating an effective and acceptable institutional structure, allocating emission targets to localities, measuring emissions, providing flexibility and incentives to local governments, and assuring compliance. We also discuss the likely costs of such a policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2032-2041
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

carbon budget
incentive
local government
Zoning
Carbon
climate
Gas emissions
Developing countries
Greenhouse gases
Land use
Costs
carbon emission
environmental policy
zoning
compliance
greenhouse gas
developing world
infrastructure
city
land use

Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • Greenhouse gas
  • Local government

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

City carbon budgets : A proposal to align incentives for climate-friendly communities. / Salon, Deborah; Sperling, Daniel; Meier, Alan; Murphy, Sinnott; Gorham, Roger; Barrett, James.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 4, 04.2010, p. 2032-2041.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salon, D, Sperling, D, Meier, A, Murphy, S, Gorham, R & Barrett, J 2010, 'City carbon budgets: A proposal to align incentives for climate-friendly communities', Energy Policy, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 2032-2041. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.12.005
Salon, Deborah ; Sperling, Daniel ; Meier, Alan ; Murphy, Sinnott ; Gorham, Roger ; Barrett, James. / City carbon budgets : A proposal to align incentives for climate-friendly communities. In: Energy Policy. 2010 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 2032-2041.
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