Circulating blood cells trigger acute inflammatory responses in the artery wall

Alexandra Lucas, Alexander Christov, Erbin Dai, Liying Liu, Brodie Nadeau, Jennifer Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Whether inflammatory responses are always initiated in the vessel wall, followed by secondary blood cell activation, or are initiated by activated circulating cells that trigger secondary changes in arterial structure remains unproved. In a rabbit angioplasty injury model we studied changes in aortic atherosclerotic plaque after autologous re-infusion of blood cells pre-activated in vitro with thrombin. Fluorescence spectroscopic analysis (FSA) was used to measure membrane fluidity of circulating platelets, as well as quantitative changes in collagen and elastin at the arterial inner surface. The results were correlated with atherosclerotic plaque structural characteristics. Injection of activated circulating blood cells caused a significant increase in fluorescence emission intensity (FEI) from the abdominal aorta at 450 and 500 nm 3 days later. In blood samples treated with thrombin, membrane fluidity was significantly increased compared to controls (p<0.0001). In conclusion, our results indicate that activated circulating blood cells can trigger arterial responses, acting not only as a secondary response to arterial inflammation, but also as a primary activation mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4613
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventOptical Biopsy IV - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2002Jan 23 2002

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Fluorescence
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Monocytes
  • Optical analysis
  • Platelets
  • Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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