Cigarette smoking and oral contraceptive use influence women's lipid, lipoprotein, and cardiovascular responses during stress.

Mary Davis, K. A. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Investigated the effects of behavioral stress and smoking cigarettes on the lipid, lipoprotein, neuroendocrine, and cardiovascular responses of female smokers who either used or did not use oral contraceptives (OC). Thirty-five healthy female smokers (20 of whom used OC) relaxed, smoked, or sham smoked and then prepared, delivered, and reviewed a speech presented in front of a video camera. Results show that behavioral stress increased total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels, with significant increases in cholesterol, LDL-C, and free fatty acids apparent only among women who smoked during the session. In addition, OC users exhibited larger increases in triglyceride and blood pressure responses during stress than did nonusers whether or not they smoked during the protocol. Possible physiological mechanisms for each of the effects, as well as implications of the findings for understanding epidemiological associations among OC use, smoking, and coronary heart disease in women are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-736
Number of pages20
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Oral Contraceptives
Lipoproteins
Smoking
Lipids
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
LDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Coronary Disease
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cigarette smoking and oral contraceptive use influence women's lipid, lipoprotein, and cardiovascular responses during stress. / Davis, Mary; Matthews, K. A.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1990, p. 717-736.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2d1a8aa5fd3f41359a5ab241c60f7ca1,
title = "Cigarette smoking and oral contraceptive use influence women's lipid, lipoprotein, and cardiovascular responses during stress.",
abstract = "Investigated the effects of behavioral stress and smoking cigarettes on the lipid, lipoprotein, neuroendocrine, and cardiovascular responses of female smokers who either used or did not use oral contraceptives (OC). Thirty-five healthy female smokers (20 of whom used OC) relaxed, smoked, or sham smoked and then prepared, delivered, and reviewed a speech presented in front of a video camera. Results show that behavioral stress increased total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels, with significant increases in cholesterol, LDL-C, and free fatty acids apparent only among women who smoked during the session. In addition, OC users exhibited larger increases in triglyceride and blood pressure responses during stress than did nonusers whether or not they smoked during the protocol. Possible physiological mechanisms for each of the effects, as well as implications of the findings for understanding epidemiological associations among OC use, smoking, and coronary heart disease in women are discussed.",
author = "Mary Davis and Matthews, {K. A.}",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1037//0278-6133.9.6.717",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "717--736",
journal = "Health Psychology",
issn = "0278-6133",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cigarette smoking and oral contraceptive use influence women's lipid, lipoprotein, and cardiovascular responses during stress.

AU - Davis, Mary

AU - Matthews, K. A.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Investigated the effects of behavioral stress and smoking cigarettes on the lipid, lipoprotein, neuroendocrine, and cardiovascular responses of female smokers who either used or did not use oral contraceptives (OC). Thirty-five healthy female smokers (20 of whom used OC) relaxed, smoked, or sham smoked and then prepared, delivered, and reviewed a speech presented in front of a video camera. Results show that behavioral stress increased total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels, with significant increases in cholesterol, LDL-C, and free fatty acids apparent only among women who smoked during the session. In addition, OC users exhibited larger increases in triglyceride and blood pressure responses during stress than did nonusers whether or not they smoked during the protocol. Possible physiological mechanisms for each of the effects, as well as implications of the findings for understanding epidemiological associations among OC use, smoking, and coronary heart disease in women are discussed.

AB - Investigated the effects of behavioral stress and smoking cigarettes on the lipid, lipoprotein, neuroendocrine, and cardiovascular responses of female smokers who either used or did not use oral contraceptives (OC). Thirty-five healthy female smokers (20 of whom used OC) relaxed, smoked, or sham smoked and then prepared, delivered, and reviewed a speech presented in front of a video camera. Results show that behavioral stress increased total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels, with significant increases in cholesterol, LDL-C, and free fatty acids apparent only among women who smoked during the session. In addition, OC users exhibited larger increases in triglyceride and blood pressure responses during stress than did nonusers whether or not they smoked during the protocol. Possible physiological mechanisms for each of the effects, as well as implications of the findings for understanding epidemiological associations among OC use, smoking, and coronary heart disease in women are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025617927&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025617927&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037//0278-6133.9.6.717

DO - 10.1037//0278-6133.9.6.717

M3 - Article

C2 - 2286182

AN - SCOPUS:0025617927

VL - 9

SP - 717

EP - 736

JO - Health Psychology

JF - Health Psychology

SN - 0278-6133

IS - 6

ER -