Chromium isotopic insights into the origin of chondrite parent bodies and the early terrestrial volatile depletion

Ke Zhu, Frédéric Moynier, Martin Schiller, Conel M.O.D. Alexander, Jemma Davidson, Devin L. Schrader, Elishevah van Kooten, Martin Bizzarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chondrites are meteorites from undifferentiated parent bodies that provide fundamental information about early Solar System evolution and planet formation. The element Cr is highly suitable for deciphering both the timing of formation and the origin of planetary building blocks because it records both radiogenic contributions from 53Mn-53Cr decay and variable nucleosynthetic contributions from the stable 54Cr nuclide. Here, we report high-precision measurements of the mass-independent Cr isotope compositions (ε53Cr and ε54Cr) of chondrites (including all carbonaceous chondrites groups) and terrestrial samples using for the first time a multi-collection inductively-coupled-plasma mass-spectrometer to better understand the formation histories and genetic relationships between chondrite parent bodies. With our comprehensive dataset, the order of decreasing ε54Cr (per ten thousand deviation of the 54Cr/52Cr ratio relative to a terrestrial standard) values amongst the carbonaceous chondrites is updated to CI = CH ≥ CB ≥ CR ≥ CM ≈ CV ≈ CO ≥ CK > EC > OC. Chondrites from CO, CV, CR, CM and CB groups show intra-group ε54Cr heterogeneities that may result from sample heterogeneity and/or heterogeneous accretion of their parent bodies. Resolvable ε54Cr (with 2SE uncertainty) differences between CV and CK chondrites rule out an origin from a common parent body or reservoir as has previously been suggested. The CM and CO chondrites share common ε54Cr characteristics, which suggests their parent bodies may have accreted their components in similar proportions. The CB and CH chondrites have low-Mn/Cr ratios and similar ε53Cr values to the CI chondrites, invalidating them as anchors for a bulk 53Mn-53Cr isochron for carbonaceous chondrites. Bulk Earth has a ε53Cr value that is lower than the average of chondrites, including enstatite chondrites. This depletion may constrain the timing of volatile loss from the Earth or its precursors to be within the first million years of Solar System formation and is incompatible with Earth's accretion via any of the known chondrite groups as main contributors, including enstatite chondrites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-186
Number of pages29
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume301
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2021

Keywords

  • CV subgroups
  • CV-CK, CH-CB and CO-CM clans
  • Chondrites
  • Condensation history
  • Cr systematics
  • Early Earth
  • Genetic relationship
  • Mn-Cr chronometry
  • Solar System
  • Volatile depletion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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