Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer across a vesicle bilayer from reduced cytochrome c in the inner compartment to oxidized ferredoxin in the outer compartment, using propylene diquat as a mediator, has been investigated using both steady‐state and laser flash photolysis methods. One of the factors limiting the quantum yield is the transmembrane potential, which is formed during sample preparation and is increased by the electron transfer process across the membrane bilayer. This limitation can be diminished by the incorporation of valinomycin into the bilayer in the presence of potassium ion. The overall quantum yield can be approximately doubled (up to a total of 22% based on the chlorophyll triplet which is quenched, and 2.8% based on the absorbed quanta) by valinomycin addition. Another quantum yield limitation arises from the accumulation of oxidized cytochrome c in the inner aqueous compartment, which is formed as a consequence of the transbilayer electron transport process and can quench triplet chlorophyll on the inner side of the vesicle. The chlorophyll cation radical generated in this way can participate in the electron exchange equilibrium between chlorophyll molecules located within the bilayer, and thus inhibit electron flow from inside to outside. This acts to limit the extent of cytochrome c oxidation to ≤ 50% of the original amount.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Photochemistry and photobiology|
|State||Published - Nov 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry