Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer reactions in lipid vesicles: enhancement in yield of vectorial electron transfer across the bilayer from reduced cytochrome c to oxidized ferredoxin by addition of valinomycin plus potassium ion.

Zhan-Gong Zhao, G. Tollin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer across a vesicle bilayer from reduced cytochrome c in the inner compartment to oxidized ferredoxin in the outer compartment, using propylene diquat as a mediator, has been investigated using both steady-state and laser flash photolysis methods. One of the factors limiting the quantum yield is the transmembrane potential, which is formed during sample preparation and is increased by the electron transfer process across the membrane bilayer. This limitation can be diminished by the incorporation of valinomycin into the bilayer in the presence of potassium ion. The overall quantum yield can be approximately doubled (up to a total of 22% based on the chlorophyll triplet which is quenched, and 2.8% based on the absorbed quanta) by valinomycin addition. Another quantum yield limitation arises from the accumulation of oxidized cytochrome c in the inner aqueous compartment, which is formed as a consequence of the transbilayer electron transport process and can quench triplet chlorophyll on the inner side of the vesicle. The chlorophyll cation radical generated in this way can participate in the electron exchange equilibrium between chlorophyll molecules located within the bilayer, and thus inhibit electron flow from inside to outside. This acts to limit the extent of cytochrome c oxidation to less than or equal to 50% of the original amount.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-831
Number of pages5
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Fingerprint

Valinomycin
Ferredoxins
cytochromes
chlorophylls
Chlorophyll
Cytochromes c
lipids
potassium
Potassium
electron transfer
Electrons
Ions
Lipids
Quantum yield
compartments
augmentation
ions
electrons
Photolysis
Electron Transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

Cite this

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title = "Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer reactions in lipid vesicles: enhancement in yield of vectorial electron transfer across the bilayer from reduced cytochrome c to oxidized ferredoxin by addition of valinomycin plus potassium ion.",
abstract = "Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer across a vesicle bilayer from reduced cytochrome c in the inner compartment to oxidized ferredoxin in the outer compartment, using propylene diquat as a mediator, has been investigated using both steady-state and laser flash photolysis methods. One of the factors limiting the quantum yield is the transmembrane potential, which is formed during sample preparation and is increased by the electron transfer process across the membrane bilayer. This limitation can be diminished by the incorporation of valinomycin into the bilayer in the presence of potassium ion. The overall quantum yield can be approximately doubled (up to a total of 22{\%} based on the chlorophyll triplet which is quenched, and 2.8{\%} based on the absorbed quanta) by valinomycin addition. Another quantum yield limitation arises from the accumulation of oxidized cytochrome c in the inner aqueous compartment, which is formed as a consequence of the transbilayer electron transport process and can quench triplet chlorophyll on the inner side of the vesicle. The chlorophyll cation radical generated in this way can participate in the electron exchange equilibrium between chlorophyll molecules located within the bilayer, and thus inhibit electron flow from inside to outside. This acts to limit the extent of cytochrome c oxidation to less than or equal to 50{\%} of the original amount.",
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AU - Zhao, Zhan-Gong

AU - Tollin, G.

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N2 - Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer across a vesicle bilayer from reduced cytochrome c in the inner compartment to oxidized ferredoxin in the outer compartment, using propylene diquat as a mediator, has been investigated using both steady-state and laser flash photolysis methods. One of the factors limiting the quantum yield is the transmembrane potential, which is formed during sample preparation and is increased by the electron transfer process across the membrane bilayer. This limitation can be diminished by the incorporation of valinomycin into the bilayer in the presence of potassium ion. The overall quantum yield can be approximately doubled (up to a total of 22% based on the chlorophyll triplet which is quenched, and 2.8% based on the absorbed quanta) by valinomycin addition. Another quantum yield limitation arises from the accumulation of oxidized cytochrome c in the inner aqueous compartment, which is formed as a consequence of the transbilayer electron transport process and can quench triplet chlorophyll on the inner side of the vesicle. The chlorophyll cation radical generated in this way can participate in the electron exchange equilibrium between chlorophyll molecules located within the bilayer, and thus inhibit electron flow from inside to outside. This acts to limit the extent of cytochrome c oxidation to less than or equal to 50% of the original amount.

AB - Chlorophyll photosensitized electron transfer across a vesicle bilayer from reduced cytochrome c in the inner compartment to oxidized ferredoxin in the outer compartment, using propylene diquat as a mediator, has been investigated using both steady-state and laser flash photolysis methods. One of the factors limiting the quantum yield is the transmembrane potential, which is formed during sample preparation and is increased by the electron transfer process across the membrane bilayer. This limitation can be diminished by the incorporation of valinomycin into the bilayer in the presence of potassium ion. The overall quantum yield can be approximately doubled (up to a total of 22% based on the chlorophyll triplet which is quenched, and 2.8% based on the absorbed quanta) by valinomycin addition. Another quantum yield limitation arises from the accumulation of oxidized cytochrome c in the inner aqueous compartment, which is formed as a consequence of the transbilayer electron transport process and can quench triplet chlorophyll on the inner side of the vesicle. The chlorophyll cation radical generated in this way can participate in the electron exchange equilibrium between chlorophyll molecules located within the bilayer, and thus inhibit electron flow from inside to outside. This acts to limit the extent of cytochrome c oxidation to less than or equal to 50% of the original amount.

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