Chlamydomonas starchless mutant defective in ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase hyper-accumulates triacylglycerol

Yantao Li, Danxiang Han, Guongrong Hu, David Dauvillee, Milton Sommerfeld, Steven Ball, Qiang Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

241 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many microalgae and plants have the ability to synthesize large amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) that can be used to produce biofuels. Presently, TAG-based biofuel production is limited by the feedstock supply. Metabolic engineering of lipid synthesis pathways to overproduce TAGs in oleaginous microalgae and oil crop plants has achieved only modest success. We demonstrate that inactivation of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in a Chlamydomonas starchless mutant led to a 10-fold increase in TAG, suggesting that shunting of photosynthetic carbon partitioning from starch to TAG synthesis may represent a more effective strategy than direct manipulation of the lipid synthesis pathway to overproduce TAG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-391
Number of pages5
JournalMetabolic Engineering
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • High light
  • Nitrogen starvation
  • Oleaginous microalgae
  • Starch
  • Triacylglycerol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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