Children from preschool, first-grade, and fourth-grade classrooms (N = 60) were randomly assigned to two different instructional conditions to assess (a) their recognition of the significance of knowledge versus physical (age or gender) criteria for making information-seeking decisions and (b) their reliance on these criteria in actual need-for-information situations. The results suggest that older children are more likely than younger children to recognize the salience of a peer’s knowledge for making information-seeking decisions. Depending on the context, however, even young children may be able to view a peer’s knowledge of a particular task as a dimension that takes precedence over such competing cues as gender or age. Age differences in children’s tendencies to recognize and apply these criteria are also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies