Children's effortful control and academic achievement: Do relational peer victimization and classroom participation operate as mediators?

Carlos Valiente, Jodi Swanson, Kathryn Lemery, Rebecca H. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given that early academic achievement is related to numerous developmental outcomes, understanding processes that promote early success in school is important. This study was designed to clarify how students' (. N=. 291; M age in fall of kindergarten. =. 5.66. years. , SD=. 0.39. year) effortful control, relational peer victimization, and classroom participation relate to achievement, as students progress from kindergarten to first grade. Effortful control and achievement were assessed in kindergarten, classroom participation and relational peer victimization were assessed in the fall of first grade, and achievement was reassessed in the spring of first grade. Classroom participation, but not relational peer victimization, mediated relations between effortful control and first grade standardized and teacher-rated achievement, controlling for kindergarten achievement. Findings suggest that aspects of classroom participation, such as the ability to work independently, may be useful targets of intervention for enhancing academic achievement in young children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-445
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of School Psychology
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Classroom participation
  • Effortful control
  • Relational peer victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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