Children With Co-Occurring Anxiety and Externalizing Disorders

Family Risks and Implications for Competence

Joan P. Yoo, Pamela J. Brown, Suniya Luthar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study used data from 340 mother-child dyads to examine characteristics of children with co-occurring diagnoses of anxiety and externalizing disorders and compared them with children with a sole diagnosis or no diagnosis. Comparisons were made using 4 child-diagnostic groups: anxiety-only, externalizing-only, co-occurrence, and no-problem groups. Most mothers were characterized by low income and histories of psychiatric diagnoses during the child's lifetime. Analyses using multinomial logistic regressions found the incidence of co-occurring childhood disorders to be significantly linked with maternal affective/anxiety disorders during the child's lifetime. In exploring implications for developmental competence, we found the co-occurrence group to have the lowest level of adaptive functioning among the 4 groups, faring significantly worse than the no-problem group on both academic achievement and intelligence as assessed by standardized tests. Findings underscore the importance of considering co-occurring behavior problems as a distinct phenomenon when examining children's developmental outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-540
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety Disorders
Mental Competency
Mothers
Anxiety
Mood Disorders
Intelligence
Mental Disorders
Logistic Models
Incidence

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Co-occurring psychiatric disorders
  • Externalizing disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Children With Co-Occurring Anxiety and Externalizing Disorders : Family Risks and Implications for Competence. / Yoo, Joan P.; Brown, Pamela J.; Luthar, Suniya.

In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 79, No. 4, 10.2009, p. 532-540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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