Childhood Asthma Prevalence among Puerto Ricans and Mexican Americans

Implications for Behavioral Intervention Research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Parental management is the least understood, but often a vital, element of treatment effectiveness in childhood asthma. This study identifies individual, household, and community-level variables relevant to home treatment effectiveness among two Hispanic groups: Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans. The relationship between these variables and lifetime prevalence of childhood asthma (LTP) are examined with data in the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-84 (HHANES), a mixed cross-sectional retrospective national survey. Unadjusted estimates indicate that Puerto Rican ethnicity, poverty, urban residence, and single parenthood are positively associated with LTP. Children born outside the mainland United States, children of low weight for age, and males show an increased risk of LTP In a multiple logistic regression model, Puerto Rican ethnicity, low weight for age, and male gender remain positively associated, and poverty becomes negatively associated, with LTP Implications are discussed for programs designed to assist children of Hispanic origin with asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-374
Number of pages13
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Behavioral Research
Hispanic Americans
treatment effectiveness
Asthma
childhood
ethnicity
poverty
parenthood
Poverty
nutrition
Logistic Models
logistics
Weights and Measures
regression
examination
Nutrition Surveys
gender
health
management
community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

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title = "Childhood Asthma Prevalence among Puerto Ricans and Mexican Americans: Implications for Behavioral Intervention Research",
abstract = "Parental management is the least understood, but often a vital, element of treatment effectiveness in childhood asthma. This study identifies individual, household, and community-level variables relevant to home treatment effectiveness among two Hispanic groups: Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans. The relationship between these variables and lifetime prevalence of childhood asthma (LTP) are examined with data in the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-84 (HHANES), a mixed cross-sectional retrospective national survey. Unadjusted estimates indicate that Puerto Rican ethnicity, poverty, urban residence, and single parenthood are positively associated with LTP. Children born outside the mainland United States, children of low weight for age, and males show an increased risk of LTP In a multiple logistic regression model, Puerto Rican ethnicity, low weight for age, and male gender remain positively associated, and poverty becomes negatively associated, with LTP Implications are discussed for programs designed to assist children of Hispanic origin with asthma.",
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