Plasmid DNA (pDNA) is an attractive therapeutic biomolecule in several diseases including cancer, AIDS, cystic fibrosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Increasing demand for plasmid DNA as a therapeutic biomolecule for transgene expression or vaccine applications necessitate novel approaches to bioprocessing. The synthesis, characterization and evaluation of aminoglycoside-derived hydrogel microbeads (Amikabeads) for pDNA binding is described previously. Here, the generation and evaluation of novel chemotherapeutic drug-conjugated microbeads for application in pDNA binding and recovery is described. Chemotherapeutic drug-conjugated Amikabeads demonstrate higher binding of methylated pDNA compared to unmethylated pDNA in presence of high salt concentrations. Desorption of plasmids from drug-conjugated microbeads is facilitated by the use of organic modifiers. The observed differences in binding methylated versus unmethylated DNA can make drug-conjugated microbeads useful in diagnostic as well as therapeutic applications. These results demonstrate that anti-cancer drugs represent a diverse set of ligands that may be exploited for molecular engineering of novel DNA binding materials for applications in delivery, diagnostics, and biomanufacturing.
- DNA technology
- Hydrophobic interaction chromatography
- Plasmid DNA purification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Medicine