Chemistry and mineralogy of earth's mantle. Evidence for multiple diamondite forming events in the mantle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy in combination with in situ high-pressure and high-temperature measurements is uniquely able to provide high-resolution data about materials under conditions resembling those in Earth's interior. By using nanocontainers made of graphitized carbon, it is possible to achieve pressures and temperatures up to at least 40 GPa and 1500 °C, respectively. A wide range of relatively simple minerals have been studied using this approach. Results to date show the influence of crystallographic defects in concentrating and storing carbon within analogs to minerals occurring deep inside Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1521-1527
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume99
Issue number8-9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

Fingerprint

Mineralogy
mineralogy
Minerals
Earth mantle
Carbon
Earth (planet)
minerals
chemistry
mantle
carbon
concentrating
mineral
Temperature measurement
defect
temperature measurement
transmission electron microscopy
analogs
Transmission electron microscopy
Defects
high resolution

Keywords

  • carbon nano-onions (CNOs)
  • carbon nanocontainers
  • carbon nanofibers (CNFs)
  • carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
  • high-pressure measurements
  • In situ transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Chemistry and mineralogy of earth's mantle. Evidence for multiple diamondite forming events in the mantle. / Wu, Jun; Buseck, P R.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 99, No. 8-9, 01.08.2014, p. 1521-1527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{19410ae4fbbb41c7a12b4017c52d3f3e,
title = "Chemistry and mineralogy of earth's mantle. Evidence for multiple diamondite forming events in the mantle",
abstract = "Transmission electron microscopy in combination with in situ high-pressure and high-temperature measurements is uniquely able to provide high-resolution data about materials under conditions resembling those in Earth's interior. By using nanocontainers made of graphitized carbon, it is possible to achieve pressures and temperatures up to at least 40 GPa and 1500 °C, respectively. A wide range of relatively simple minerals have been studied using this approach. Results to date show the influence of crystallographic defects in concentrating and storing carbon within analogs to minerals occurring deep inside Earth.",
keywords = "carbon nano-onions (CNOs), carbon nanocontainers, carbon nanofibers (CNFs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), high-pressure measurements, In situ transmission electron microscopy",
author = "Jun Wu and Buseck, {P R}",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2138/am.2014.4857",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "99",
pages = "1521--1527",
journal = "American Mineralogist",
issn = "0003-004X",
publisher = "Mineralogical Society of America",
number = "8-9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemistry and mineralogy of earth's mantle. Evidence for multiple diamondite forming events in the mantle

AU - Wu, Jun

AU - Buseck, P R

PY - 2014/8/1

Y1 - 2014/8/1

N2 - Transmission electron microscopy in combination with in situ high-pressure and high-temperature measurements is uniquely able to provide high-resolution data about materials under conditions resembling those in Earth's interior. By using nanocontainers made of graphitized carbon, it is possible to achieve pressures and temperatures up to at least 40 GPa and 1500 °C, respectively. A wide range of relatively simple minerals have been studied using this approach. Results to date show the influence of crystallographic defects in concentrating and storing carbon within analogs to minerals occurring deep inside Earth.

AB - Transmission electron microscopy in combination with in situ high-pressure and high-temperature measurements is uniquely able to provide high-resolution data about materials under conditions resembling those in Earth's interior. By using nanocontainers made of graphitized carbon, it is possible to achieve pressures and temperatures up to at least 40 GPa and 1500 °C, respectively. A wide range of relatively simple minerals have been studied using this approach. Results to date show the influence of crystallographic defects in concentrating and storing carbon within analogs to minerals occurring deep inside Earth.

KW - carbon nano-onions (CNOs)

KW - carbon nanocontainers

KW - carbon nanofibers (CNFs)

KW - carbon nanotubes (CNTs)

KW - high-pressure measurements

KW - In situ transmission electron microscopy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906995813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906995813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2138/am.2014.4857

DO - 10.2138/am.2014.4857

M3 - Article

VL - 99

SP - 1521

EP - 1527

JO - American Mineralogist

JF - American Mineralogist

SN - 0003-004X

IS - 8-9

ER -