Charge ordering in magnetite at low temperatures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ordering of the Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions on the octahedral sites of magnetite (Fe3O4) at temperatures below the Verwey metal-insulator transition has been studied by quantitative high-energy transmission electron diffraction. We find that there are ten independent charge-ordering models (including the Verwey model) for the low-temperature structure that satisfy the Anderson condition if the symmetry is Cc (monoclinic). Dynamical electron diffraction patterns are simulated and compared with experiment for these charge-ordering models, using atomic coordinates obtained from neutron diffraction work. We find that one of these ten charge-ordering models agrees best with experiment and that the electrons in this model form a characteristic wave. Our calculations of electron correlation energy show that this model has the second lowest energy, while the Verwey model has the lowest. This indicates the importance of electron-phonon interactions in stabilizing the structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8451-8464
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume42
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

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Ferrosoferric Oxide
Magnetite
magnetite
Temperature
Electron diffraction
electron diffraction
Electron correlations
Electron-phonon interactions
Metal insulator transition
Neutron diffraction
electron phonon interactions
Diffraction patterns
neutron diffraction
energy
electrons
diffraction patterns
Experiments
insulators
Ions
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Charge ordering in magnetite at low temperatures. / Zuo, J. M.; Spence, John; Petuskey, William.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 42, No. 13, 1990, p. 8451-8464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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