Characterizing Ebola Transmission Patterns Based on Internet News Reports

Julie M. Cleaton, Cecile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Ana Hurtado, Gerardo Chowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background.Detailed information on patient exposure, contact patterns, and discharge status is rarely available in real time from traditional surveillance systems in the context of an emerging infectious disease outbreak. Here, we validate the systematic collection of Internet news reports to characterize epidemiological patterns of Ebola virus disease (EVD) infections during the West African 2014-2015 outbreak. Methods.Based on 58 news reports, we analyzed 79 EVD clusters (286 cases) ranging in size from 1 to 33 cases between January 2014 and February 2015 in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Results.The majority of reported exposures stemmed from contact with family members (57.3%) followed by hospitals (18.2%) and funerals (12.7%). Our data indicate that funeral exposure was significantly more frequent in Sierra Leone (27.3%) followed by Guinea (18.2%) and Liberia (1.8%; χ2 test; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
Liberia
Sierra Leone
Internet
Guinea
Disease Outbreaks
Emerging Communicable Diseases

Keywords

  • Ebola
  • funeral transmission.
  • hospital transmission
  • transmission patterns
  • West Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Characterizing Ebola Transmission Patterns Based on Internet News Reports. / Cleaton, Julie M.; Viboud, Cecile; Simonsen, Lone; Hurtado, Ana; Chowell, Gerardo.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 62, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 24-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cleaton, Julie M. ; Viboud, Cecile ; Simonsen, Lone ; Hurtado, Ana ; Chowell, Gerardo. / Characterizing Ebola Transmission Patterns Based on Internet News Reports. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 62, No. 1. pp. 24-31.
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