### Abstract

The natural measure of a chaotic set in a phase-space region can be related to the dynamical properties of all unstable periodic orbits embedded in part of the chaotic set contained in that region. This result has been rigorously shown to be valid for hyperbolic chaotic systems. Chaotic sets encountered in most physical situations, however, are typically nonhyperbolic. The purpose of this paper is to test the goodness of the unstable periodic-orbit characterization of the natural measure for nonhyperbolic chaotic systems. We first directly compare the natural measure from a typical trajectory on the chaotic set with that evaluated from unstable periodic orbits embedded in the set. As an indirect check, we then compute the difference between the long-time average values of physical quantities evaluated with respect to a typical trajectory and those computed from unstable periodic orbits. Results with the Hénon map for which periodic orbits can be enumerated lend credence to the conjecture that the unstable periodic-orbit theory of the natural measure is applicable to nonhyperbolic chaotic systems.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 6531-6539 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics |

Volume | 56 |

Issue number | 6 |

State | Published - 1997 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

### Cite this

**Characterization of the natural measure by unstable periodic orbits in nonhyperbolic chaotic systems.** / Lai, Ying-Cheng.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of the natural measure by unstable periodic orbits in nonhyperbolic chaotic systems

AU - Lai, Ying-Cheng

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - The natural measure of a chaotic set in a phase-space region can be related to the dynamical properties of all unstable periodic orbits embedded in part of the chaotic set contained in that region. This result has been rigorously shown to be valid for hyperbolic chaotic systems. Chaotic sets encountered in most physical situations, however, are typically nonhyperbolic. The purpose of this paper is to test the goodness of the unstable periodic-orbit characterization of the natural measure for nonhyperbolic chaotic systems. We first directly compare the natural measure from a typical trajectory on the chaotic set with that evaluated from unstable periodic orbits embedded in the set. As an indirect check, we then compute the difference between the long-time average values of physical quantities evaluated with respect to a typical trajectory and those computed from unstable periodic orbits. Results with the Hénon map for which periodic orbits can be enumerated lend credence to the conjecture that the unstable periodic-orbit theory of the natural measure is applicable to nonhyperbolic chaotic systems.

AB - The natural measure of a chaotic set in a phase-space region can be related to the dynamical properties of all unstable periodic orbits embedded in part of the chaotic set contained in that region. This result has been rigorously shown to be valid for hyperbolic chaotic systems. Chaotic sets encountered in most physical situations, however, are typically nonhyperbolic. The purpose of this paper is to test the goodness of the unstable periodic-orbit characterization of the natural measure for nonhyperbolic chaotic systems. We first directly compare the natural measure from a typical trajectory on the chaotic set with that evaluated from unstable periodic orbits embedded in the set. As an indirect check, we then compute the difference between the long-time average values of physical quantities evaluated with respect to a typical trajectory and those computed from unstable periodic orbits. Results with the Hénon map for which periodic orbits can be enumerated lend credence to the conjecture that the unstable periodic-orbit theory of the natural measure is applicable to nonhyperbolic chaotic systems.

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031332567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 6531

EP - 6539

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

SN - 1539-3755

IS - 6

ER -