Characterization of simple wireless neurostimulators and sensors

Daniel W. Gulick, Bruce C. Towe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A single diode with a wireless power source and electrodes can act as an implantable stimulator or sensor. We have built such devices using RF and ultrasound power coupling. These simple devices could drastically reduce the size, weight, and cost of implants for applications where efficiency is not critical. However, a shortcoming has been a lack of control: any movement of the external power source would change the power coupling, thereby changing the stimulation current or modulating the sensor response. To correct for changes in power and signal coupling, we propose to use harmonic signals from the device. The diode acts as a frequency multiplier, and the harmonics it emits contain information about the drive level and bias. A simplified model suggests that estimation of power, electrode bias, and electrode resistance is possible from information contained in radiated harmonics even in the presence of significant noise. We also built a simple RF-powered stimulator with an onboard voltage limiter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3130-3133
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Gulick, D. W., & Towe, B. C. (2014). Characterization of simple wireless neurostimulators and sensors. In 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 (pp. 3130-3133). [6944286] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944286