Characterization of PVC-soy protein nonwoven mats prepared by electrospinning

Heeran Hong, Zachary C. Tronstad, Yi Yang, Matthew Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is one of the most common polymers used in the water treatment industry due to outstanding hydrophobicity and mechanical strength. Generating eco-friendly membranes derived from natural polymers has gained attention, particularly for water purification and producing potable water. In this study, nonwoven mats were prepared by electrospinning polymer solutions. Mats with a tailorable hydrophilicity were prepared by electrospinning solution mixtures containing PVC and an eco-friendly, hydrophilic natural polymer: soy protein. As the viscosity of the solution decreased, the average fiber diameter, and average pore surface area reduced. However, when the PVC concentration remained constant and the soy protein concentration increased, the viscosity decreased and average fiber diameter became reduced, while the average pore diameter remained relatively constant. The mats with volumetric ratios of PVC:soy protein of 85:15 and 80:20 displayed optimal characteristics suitable for mat fabrication based on the fiber diameter and average pore surface area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAICHE Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Soybean Proteins
Electrospinning
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Polymers
Proteins
Natural polymers
Water Purification
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Viscosity
Fibers
Vinyl Chloride
Hydrophilicity
Polymer solutions
Hydrophobicity
Water treatment
Potable water
Drinking Water
Strength of materials
Purification

Keywords

  • Fibers
  • Materials
  • Polymer processing
  • Polymer properties
  • Rheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Characterization of PVC-soy protein nonwoven mats prepared by electrospinning. / Hong, Heeran; Tronstad, Zachary C.; Yang, Yi; Green, Matthew.

In: AICHE Journal, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{85c1604c330045aeb3665b9fabec3285,
title = "Characterization of PVC-soy protein nonwoven mats prepared by electrospinning",
abstract = "Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is one of the most common polymers used in the water treatment industry due to outstanding hydrophobicity and mechanical strength. Generating eco-friendly membranes derived from natural polymers has gained attention, particularly for water purification and producing potable water. In this study, nonwoven mats were prepared by electrospinning polymer solutions. Mats with a tailorable hydrophilicity were prepared by electrospinning solution mixtures containing PVC and an eco-friendly, hydrophilic natural polymer: soy protein. As the viscosity of the solution decreased, the average fiber diameter, and average pore surface area reduced. However, when the PVC concentration remained constant and the soy protein concentration increased, the viscosity decreased and average fiber diameter became reduced, while the average pore diameter remained relatively constant. The mats with volumetric ratios of PVC:soy protein of 85:15 and 80:20 displayed optimal characteristics suitable for mat fabrication based on the fiber diameter and average pore surface area.",
keywords = "Fibers, Materials, Polymer processing, Polymer properties, Rheology",
author = "Heeran Hong and Tronstad, {Zachary C.} and Yi Yang and Matthew Green",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/aic.16109",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "AICHE Journal",
issn = "0001-1541",
publisher = "American Institute of Chemical Engineers",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of PVC-soy protein nonwoven mats prepared by electrospinning

AU - Hong, Heeran

AU - Tronstad, Zachary C.

AU - Yang, Yi

AU - Green, Matthew

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is one of the most common polymers used in the water treatment industry due to outstanding hydrophobicity and mechanical strength. Generating eco-friendly membranes derived from natural polymers has gained attention, particularly for water purification and producing potable water. In this study, nonwoven mats were prepared by electrospinning polymer solutions. Mats with a tailorable hydrophilicity were prepared by electrospinning solution mixtures containing PVC and an eco-friendly, hydrophilic natural polymer: soy protein. As the viscosity of the solution decreased, the average fiber diameter, and average pore surface area reduced. However, when the PVC concentration remained constant and the soy protein concentration increased, the viscosity decreased and average fiber diameter became reduced, while the average pore diameter remained relatively constant. The mats with volumetric ratios of PVC:soy protein of 85:15 and 80:20 displayed optimal characteristics suitable for mat fabrication based on the fiber diameter and average pore surface area.

AB - Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is one of the most common polymers used in the water treatment industry due to outstanding hydrophobicity and mechanical strength. Generating eco-friendly membranes derived from natural polymers has gained attention, particularly for water purification and producing potable water. In this study, nonwoven mats were prepared by electrospinning polymer solutions. Mats with a tailorable hydrophilicity were prepared by electrospinning solution mixtures containing PVC and an eco-friendly, hydrophilic natural polymer: soy protein. As the viscosity of the solution decreased, the average fiber diameter, and average pore surface area reduced. However, when the PVC concentration remained constant and the soy protein concentration increased, the viscosity decreased and average fiber diameter became reduced, while the average pore diameter remained relatively constant. The mats with volumetric ratios of PVC:soy protein of 85:15 and 80:20 displayed optimal characteristics suitable for mat fabrication based on the fiber diameter and average pore surface area.

KW - Fibers

KW - Materials

KW - Polymer processing

KW - Polymer properties

KW - Rheology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041909659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041909659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/aic.16109

DO - 10.1002/aic.16109

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85041909659

JO - AICHE Journal

JF - AICHE Journal

SN - 0001-1541

ER -