Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions

P. R. Geisler, A. C. Hackney, R. G. McMurray, Barbara Ainsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The delayed onset of muscular soreness (DOMS) following a heavy eccentric exercise was studied with the aim to verify the "muscular structure" and the "connective tissue" theories explaining the development of DOMS. The responses of creatine kinase (CK; "structural theory" marker) and hydroxyproline (OHP, "connective tissue theory" marker), as well as level and location of the perceived soreness, were determined following eccentric exercise. Plasma CK activity was elevated 48 and 72 h after the eccentric exercise compared with the pre-exercise values, while OHP concentrations remained unchanged. Examination of pain location reports revealed two groups of responders (distal vs. mid-point muscle pain). Distal pain responders were found to have significantly higher post-exercise CK activity than mid-point pain responders, the OHP levels being alike. These findings are supportive of the "muscular structure" theory for DOMS development. However, the non-uniform location for DOMS pain confounds the overall data interpretation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Sport
Volume13
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Muscle Contraction
Pain
Connective Tissue
Muscle Development
Myalgia
Hydroxyproline
Creatine Kinase

Keywords

  • Creatine kinase
  • Exercise
  • Hydroxyproline
  • Perceived muscle soreness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Geisler, P. R., Hackney, A. C., McMurray, R. G., & Ainsworth, B. (1996). Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions. Biology of Sport, 13(1), 13-20.

Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions. / Geisler, P. R.; Hackney, A. C.; McMurray, R. G.; Ainsworth, Barbara.

In: Biology of Sport, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1996, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Geisler, PR, Hackney, AC, McMurray, RG & Ainsworth, B 1996, 'Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions', Biology of Sport, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 13-20.
Geisler, P. R. ; Hackney, A. C. ; McMurray, R. G. ; Ainsworth, Barbara. / Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions. In: Biology of Sport. 1996 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 13-20.
@article{852a6d67454e4be29c6253c3d5e6a78e,
title = "Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions",
abstract = "The delayed onset of muscular soreness (DOMS) following a heavy eccentric exercise was studied with the aim to verify the {"}muscular structure{"} and the {"}connective tissue{"} theories explaining the development of DOMS. The responses of creatine kinase (CK; {"}structural theory{"} marker) and hydroxyproline (OHP, {"}connective tissue theory{"} marker), as well as level and location of the perceived soreness, were determined following eccentric exercise. Plasma CK activity was elevated 48 and 72 h after the eccentric exercise compared with the pre-exercise values, while OHP concentrations remained unchanged. Examination of pain location reports revealed two groups of responders (distal vs. mid-point muscle pain). Distal pain responders were found to have significantly higher post-exercise CK activity than mid-point pain responders, the OHP levels being alike. These findings are supportive of the {"}muscular structure{"} theory for DOMS development. However, the non-uniform location for DOMS pain confounds the overall data interpretation.",
keywords = "Creatine kinase, Exercise, Hydroxyproline, Perceived muscle soreness",
author = "Geisler, {P. R.} and Hackney, {A. C.} and McMurray, {R. G.} and Barbara Ainsworth",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "13--20",
journal = "Biology of Sport",
issn = "0860-021X",
publisher = "Institute of Sport",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in tissue degradation markers and subjective reports of pain resulting from eccentric muscle contractions

AU - Geisler, P. R.

AU - Hackney, A. C.

AU - McMurray, R. G.

AU - Ainsworth, Barbara

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The delayed onset of muscular soreness (DOMS) following a heavy eccentric exercise was studied with the aim to verify the "muscular structure" and the "connective tissue" theories explaining the development of DOMS. The responses of creatine kinase (CK; "structural theory" marker) and hydroxyproline (OHP, "connective tissue theory" marker), as well as level and location of the perceived soreness, were determined following eccentric exercise. Plasma CK activity was elevated 48 and 72 h after the eccentric exercise compared with the pre-exercise values, while OHP concentrations remained unchanged. Examination of pain location reports revealed two groups of responders (distal vs. mid-point muscle pain). Distal pain responders were found to have significantly higher post-exercise CK activity than mid-point pain responders, the OHP levels being alike. These findings are supportive of the "muscular structure" theory for DOMS development. However, the non-uniform location for DOMS pain confounds the overall data interpretation.

AB - The delayed onset of muscular soreness (DOMS) following a heavy eccentric exercise was studied with the aim to verify the "muscular structure" and the "connective tissue" theories explaining the development of DOMS. The responses of creatine kinase (CK; "structural theory" marker) and hydroxyproline (OHP, "connective tissue theory" marker), as well as level and location of the perceived soreness, were determined following eccentric exercise. Plasma CK activity was elevated 48 and 72 h after the eccentric exercise compared with the pre-exercise values, while OHP concentrations remained unchanged. Examination of pain location reports revealed two groups of responders (distal vs. mid-point muscle pain). Distal pain responders were found to have significantly higher post-exercise CK activity than mid-point pain responders, the OHP levels being alike. These findings are supportive of the "muscular structure" theory for DOMS development. However, the non-uniform location for DOMS pain confounds the overall data interpretation.

KW - Creatine kinase

KW - Exercise

KW - Hydroxyproline

KW - Perceived muscle soreness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3042886002&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=3042886002&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 13

EP - 20

JO - Biology of Sport

JF - Biology of Sport

SN - 0860-021X

IS - 1

ER -