Changes in team composition after a break: Building adapative command-and-control teams

Jamie C. Gorman, Nancy Cooke, Harry K. Pedersen, Jennifer Winner, Dee Andrews, Polemnia Amazeen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experiment exploring the effects of team composition on the acquisition and retention of team performance and cognitive skill is reported. Team performance was measured in the context of photographing ground targets in an unmanned aerial vehicle synthetic task environment. Team process was taken as a measure of team cognition. Experimental results include the findings that team mixing and longer retention intervals have a short lived deleterious effect on team performance immediately after the interval, while team mixing has a positive effect on team process after the interval. These findings suggest that changes in team composition and retention interval can lead to improvements in team cognition if a brief decrement in team performance post-interval can be afforded. These results are interpreted as perturbation of established coordination patterns due to team mixing leading to more flexible and adaptive teams. Implications for process-oriented research are also considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, HFES 2006
Pages487-491
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event50th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2006 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 16 2006Oct 20 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
ISSN (Print)1071-1813

Other

Other50th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2006
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period10/16/0610/20/06

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

Gorman, J. C., Cooke, N., Pedersen, H. K., Winner, J., Andrews, D., & Amazeen, P. (2006). Changes in team composition after a break: Building adapative command-and-control teams. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, HFES 2006 (pp. 487-491). (Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society).