Changes in Peer and Parent Influence During Adolescence. Longitudinal Versus Cross-Sectional Perspectives on Smoking Initiation

Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Steven J. Sherman, Daniel Montello, John McGrew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

280 Scopus citations


The current study used a longitudinal design to investigate age-related changes in the magnitude of peer and parent influences on adolescent cigarette smoking. Both peer and parent influences were significant predictors of subsequent transitions to higher levels of smoking. However, unlike previous cross-sectional research, the magnitude of peer and parent influences did not significantly vary across the 6th- to 11th-grade levels. Additional analyses were undertaken to explore possible explanations for the differences between results produced by cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches. Implications for the study of transitions across the life span are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1986


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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