Changes in healthy behaviour knowledge of rural pupils

Kent A. Lorenz, Michalis Stylianou, Pamela Kulinna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was informed by the body of literature on pupil knowledge and its potential contributions to developing healthy and active lifestyles, along with the focus of various current national physical education standards on cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the impact of conceptual-based intervention programmes in two rural schools on pupils’ healthy behaviour knowledge. Schools used a similar intervention model of healthy behaviour concepts taught as part of physical education classes, by classroom teachers, and in wellness week activities. The intervention in both schools was based on the Fitness for Life curricular model (i.e. materials for classroom teachers and for physical education teachers). Pupil healthy behaviour knowledge was tracked over time to determine the impact of the intervention programmes. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare average percentage of correct responses within school, across time within a year, and across years. ANOVA results showed a significant main effect for grade (F(5, 1152) = 33.10, p < 0.0001, η2 = 0.125), school (F(1, 1152) = 75.23, p < 0.0001, η2 = 0.061), time (F(1, 1152) = 164.71, p < 0.0001, η2 = 0.125), and year (F(1, 1152) = 6.27, p = 0.012, η2 = 0.005), and a significant three-way interaction among grade, time, and year (F(13, 1152) = 6.76, p < 0.0001, η2 = 0.07). The findings of this study suggest that pupils can acquire healthy behaviour knowledge using several different intervention points of instruction, particularly in rural areas. This study also highlights the need to help pupils in these settings improve their healthy behaviour content knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Physical Education Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Pupil
pupil
Physical Education and Training
pupil behavior
physical education
analysis of variance
school
Analysis of Variance
teacher
education standards
classroom
rural school
fitness
rural area
instruction
time
interaction

Keywords

  • conceptual physical education
  • Fitness for Life
  • longitudinal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Changes in healthy behaviour knowledge of rural pupils. / Lorenz, Kent A.; Stylianou, Michalis; Kulinna, Pamela.

In: European Physical Education Review, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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