Chachapoya mortuary behavior

A consideration of method and meaning

Kenneth C. Nystrom, Jane Buikstra, Keith Muscutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Chachapoya region of northern Perú is characterized by a remarkable range of mortuary customs whose nature is incompletely defined and interpreted. The focus of this paper is to consider a single aspect of Chachapoya mortuary behavior: the presence/ absence and method of mummification. Complex, anthropogenic mummy bundles have been recovered from the Laguna de los Cóndores while less well documented and described "cadavers" and bodies have been illustrated from pre-Inca contexts, some contained within anthropomorphic sarcophagi and others located in burial chullpas and open-air sites. In this paper, we provide a general synthesis of Chachapoya mortuary behavior and then present a case study from the mortuary site of Laguna Huayabamba, a Late Intermediate site where mummified remains have been recovered. The relationship between mummified bodies and skeletal remains at this site is viewed as stages within a more unified ritual landscape, structured by continued kin-based access to specific mortuary contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-495
Number of pages19
JournalChungara
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

funeral
religious behavior

Keywords

  • Chachapoya
  • Inca
  • Mummification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Chachapoya mortuary behavior : A consideration of method and meaning. / Nystrom, Kenneth C.; Buikstra, Jane; Muscutt, Keith.

In: Chungara, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2010, p. 477-495.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nystrom, Kenneth C. ; Buikstra, Jane ; Muscutt, Keith. / Chachapoya mortuary behavior : A consideration of method and meaning. In: Chungara. 2010 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 477-495.
@article{35d137e9a19d4fb7a7431a430df16f41,
title = "Chachapoya mortuary behavior: A consideration of method and meaning",
abstract = "The Chachapoya region of northern Per{\'u} is characterized by a remarkable range of mortuary customs whose nature is incompletely defined and interpreted. The focus of this paper is to consider a single aspect of Chachapoya mortuary behavior: the presence/ absence and method of mummification. Complex, anthropogenic mummy bundles have been recovered from the Laguna de los C{\'o}ndores while less well documented and described {"}cadavers{"} and bodies have been illustrated from pre-Inca contexts, some contained within anthropomorphic sarcophagi and others located in burial chullpas and open-air sites. In this paper, we provide a general synthesis of Chachapoya mortuary behavior and then present a case study from the mortuary site of Laguna Huayabamba, a Late Intermediate site where mummified remains have been recovered. The relationship between mummified bodies and skeletal remains at this site is viewed as stages within a more unified ritual landscape, structured by continued kin-based access to specific mortuary contexts.",
keywords = "Chachapoya, Inca, Mummification",
author = "Nystrom, {Kenneth C.} and Jane Buikstra and Keith Muscutt",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.4067/S0717-73562010000200010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "477--495",
journal = "Chungara",
issn = "0716-1182",
publisher = "Universidad de Tarapaca",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chachapoya mortuary behavior

T2 - A consideration of method and meaning

AU - Nystrom, Kenneth C.

AU - Buikstra, Jane

AU - Muscutt, Keith

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The Chachapoya region of northern Perú is characterized by a remarkable range of mortuary customs whose nature is incompletely defined and interpreted. The focus of this paper is to consider a single aspect of Chachapoya mortuary behavior: the presence/ absence and method of mummification. Complex, anthropogenic mummy bundles have been recovered from the Laguna de los Cóndores while less well documented and described "cadavers" and bodies have been illustrated from pre-Inca contexts, some contained within anthropomorphic sarcophagi and others located in burial chullpas and open-air sites. In this paper, we provide a general synthesis of Chachapoya mortuary behavior and then present a case study from the mortuary site of Laguna Huayabamba, a Late Intermediate site where mummified remains have been recovered. The relationship between mummified bodies and skeletal remains at this site is viewed as stages within a more unified ritual landscape, structured by continued kin-based access to specific mortuary contexts.

AB - The Chachapoya region of northern Perú is characterized by a remarkable range of mortuary customs whose nature is incompletely defined and interpreted. The focus of this paper is to consider a single aspect of Chachapoya mortuary behavior: the presence/ absence and method of mummification. Complex, anthropogenic mummy bundles have been recovered from the Laguna de los Cóndores while less well documented and described "cadavers" and bodies have been illustrated from pre-Inca contexts, some contained within anthropomorphic sarcophagi and others located in burial chullpas and open-air sites. In this paper, we provide a general synthesis of Chachapoya mortuary behavior and then present a case study from the mortuary site of Laguna Huayabamba, a Late Intermediate site where mummified remains have been recovered. The relationship between mummified bodies and skeletal remains at this site is viewed as stages within a more unified ritual landscape, structured by continued kin-based access to specific mortuary contexts.

KW - Chachapoya

KW - Inca

KW - Mummification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957771130&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957771130&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4067/S0717-73562010000200010

DO - 10.4067/S0717-73562010000200010

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 477

EP - 495

JO - Chungara

JF - Chungara

SN - 0716-1182

IS - 2

ER -