CCL2 recruitment of IL-6-producing CD11b+ monocytes to the draining lymph nodes during the initiation of Th17-dependent B cell-mediated autoimmunity

Ying Bai, Ruolan Liu, De Ren Huang, Antonio La Cava, Yi Yuan Tang, Yoichiro Iwakura, Denise I. Campagnolo, Timothy L. Vollmer, Richard M. Ransohoff, Fu Dong Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development and function of Th17 cells are influenced in part by the cytokines TGF-β, IL-23 and IL-6, but the mechanisms that govern recruitment and activity of Th17 cells during initiation of autoimmunity remain poorly defined. We show here that the development of autoreactive Th17 cells in secondary lymphoid organs in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis - an animal model of human myasthenia gravis - is modulated by IL-6-producing CD11b+ cells via the CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2). Notably, acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-reactive Th17 cells provide help for the B cells to produce anti-AChR antibodies, which are responsible for the impairment of the neuromuscular transmission that contributes to the clinical manifestations of autoimmunity, as indicated by a lack of disease induction in IL-17-deficient mice. Thus, Th17 cells can promote humoral autoimmunity via a novel mechanism that involves CCL2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1877-1888
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • CCL2
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Th17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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