Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions

M. A. Okun, F. J. DiVesta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forty eight younger (average CA = 21.71, SD = 3.58) and older (average CA = 69.31, SD = 3.84) males participated in a vocabulary task involving varying degrees of risk under neutral, supportive, and challenging instructions. The results indicated that older adults were more cautious than younger adults. Moreover, they selected tasks at which they would have higher probabilities of success; relative to their younger counterparts, they were less likely to raise their level of aspiration following success. No effect of instructions on cautiousness was found for either age group. The results were interpreted as indicative of the significant age differences in the achievement motivational dispositions of the groups. The findings suggest that older adults choose relatively easy tasks as a means of protecting themselves from engaging in self evaluation of important ability dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-576
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology
Volume31
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Aptitude
Vocabulary
Young Adult
Age Groups
Aspirations (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

Cite this

Okun, M. A., & DiVesta, F. J. (1976). Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions. Journals of Gerontology, 31(5), 571-576.

Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions. / Okun, M. A.; DiVesta, F. J.

In: Journals of Gerontology, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1976, p. 571-576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okun, MA & DiVesta, FJ 1976, 'Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions', Journals of Gerontology, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 571-576.
Okun, M. A. ; DiVesta, F. J. / Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions. In: Journals of Gerontology. 1976 ; Vol. 31, No. 5. pp. 571-576.
@article{dc57f2038d0945239f99af8a2034929f,
title = "Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions",
abstract = "Forty eight younger (average CA = 21.71, SD = 3.58) and older (average CA = 69.31, SD = 3.84) males participated in a vocabulary task involving varying degrees of risk under neutral, supportive, and challenging instructions. The results indicated that older adults were more cautious than younger adults. Moreover, they selected tasks at which they would have higher probabilities of success; relative to their younger counterparts, they were less likely to raise their level of aspiration following success. No effect of instructions on cautiousness was found for either age group. The results were interpreted as indicative of the significant age differences in the achievement motivational dispositions of the groups. The findings suggest that older adults choose relatively easy tasks as a means of protecting themselves from engaging in self evaluation of important ability dimensions.",
author = "Okun, {M. A.} and DiVesta, {F. J.}",
year = "1976",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "571--576",
journal = "Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences",
issn = "0022-1422",
publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cautiousness in adulthood as a function of age and instructions

AU - Okun, M. A.

AU - DiVesta, F. J.

PY - 1976

Y1 - 1976

N2 - Forty eight younger (average CA = 21.71, SD = 3.58) and older (average CA = 69.31, SD = 3.84) males participated in a vocabulary task involving varying degrees of risk under neutral, supportive, and challenging instructions. The results indicated that older adults were more cautious than younger adults. Moreover, they selected tasks at which they would have higher probabilities of success; relative to their younger counterparts, they were less likely to raise their level of aspiration following success. No effect of instructions on cautiousness was found for either age group. The results were interpreted as indicative of the significant age differences in the achievement motivational dispositions of the groups. The findings suggest that older adults choose relatively easy tasks as a means of protecting themselves from engaging in self evaluation of important ability dimensions.

AB - Forty eight younger (average CA = 21.71, SD = 3.58) and older (average CA = 69.31, SD = 3.84) males participated in a vocabulary task involving varying degrees of risk under neutral, supportive, and challenging instructions. The results indicated that older adults were more cautious than younger adults. Moreover, they selected tasks at which they would have higher probabilities of success; relative to their younger counterparts, they were less likely to raise their level of aspiration following success. No effect of instructions on cautiousness was found for either age group. The results were interpreted as indicative of the significant age differences in the achievement motivational dispositions of the groups. The findings suggest that older adults choose relatively easy tasks as a means of protecting themselves from engaging in self evaluation of important ability dimensions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017127914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017127914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 950451

AN - SCOPUS:0017127914

VL - 31

SP - 571

EP - 576

JO - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

JF - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

SN - 0022-1422

IS - 5

ER -