Case history of a collapsible soil fill

Alan L. Kropp, David J. McMahon, Sandra Houston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Collapse settlement of a deep compacted fill led to damage of a group of condominium units. The fill consisted of a highly heterogeneous mixture of coarse- to fine-grained soil containing angular fragments of gravel- to boulder-sized rock. Compaction specifications requiring 90 percent of the maximum dry density by ASTM method D-1557 were met or exceeded during fill placement, although the fill was generally placed dry of optimum water content, and corrections for rock content were not made in the field. Building distress ranged from mild to severe, depending upon the differential fill thickness beneath the structure. Extensive vertical and horizontal movement monitoring and two full-scale field wetting tests were conducted at the site following the onset of building distress. The results of the field investigations and laboratory response-to-wetting tests provided strong evidence that the building distress patterns were caused primarily by wetting-induced collapse settlement of the deep compacted fill. Based on the results of the field wetting tests, controlled wetting of the site with mud-jacking of the condominium units appears feasible as a mitigation alternative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsAlbert T. Yeung, Guy Y. Felio
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, United States
PublisherPubl by ASCE
Pages1531-1542
Number of pages12
Volume2
Edition40
ISBN (Print)078440027X
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the Conference on Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments. Part 2 (of 2) - College Station, TX, USA
Duration: Jun 16 1994Jun 18 1994

Other

OtherProceedings of the Conference on Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments. Part 2 (of 2)
CityCollege Station, TX, USA
Period6/16/946/18/94

Fingerprint

collapsible soil
distress
Wetting
wetting
fill
case studies
Soils
history
rocks
fine-textured soils
soil
testing
gravel
Rocks
water content
Gravel
monitoring
dry density
Water content
boulder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture

Cite this

Kropp, A. L., McMahon, D. J., & Houston, S. (1994). Case history of a collapsible soil fill. In A. T. Yeung, & G. Y. Felio (Eds.), Geotechnical Special Publication (40 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 1531-1542). New York, NY, United States: Publ by ASCE.

Case history of a collapsible soil fill. / Kropp, Alan L.; McMahon, David J.; Houston, Sandra.

Geotechnical Special Publication. ed. / Albert T. Yeung; Guy Y. Felio. Vol. 2 40. ed. New York, NY, United States : Publ by ASCE, 1994. p. 1531-1542.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kropp, AL, McMahon, DJ & Houston, S 1994, Case history of a collapsible soil fill. in AT Yeung & GY Felio (eds), Geotechnical Special Publication. 40 edn, vol. 2, Publ by ASCE, New York, NY, United States, pp. 1531-1542, Proceedings of the Conference on Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments. Part 2 (of 2), College Station, TX, USA, 6/16/94.
Kropp AL, McMahon DJ, Houston S. Case history of a collapsible soil fill. In Yeung AT, Felio GY, editors, Geotechnical Special Publication. 40 ed. Vol. 2. New York, NY, United States: Publ by ASCE. 1994. p. 1531-1542
Kropp, Alan L. ; McMahon, David J. ; Houston, Sandra. / Case history of a collapsible soil fill. Geotechnical Special Publication. editor / Albert T. Yeung ; Guy Y. Felio. Vol. 2 40. ed. New York, NY, United States : Publ by ASCE, 1994. pp. 1531-1542
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