Career Decision Ambiguity Tolerance Scale: Construction and initial validations

Hui Xu, Terence Tracey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The Career Decision Ambiguity Tolerance Scale (CDAT) measures individual evaluations of and responses to ambiguity encountered in career decision making. It was developed and initially validated through two studies of college students. An exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis consistently showed a three-factor structure for career decision ambiguity tolerance, consisting of preference, tolerance, and aversion. In addition to support for construct validity and subscale reliabilities, the findings also support the scale's incremental validity in predicting career indecision, career decision-making self-efficacy, and career adaptability over and beyond general ambiguity tolerance. The theoretical meaning and practical application of the CDAT were discussed along with its limitations and suggestions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • Ambiguity tolerance
  • Career decision
  • Factor analysis
  • Incremental validity
  • Instrument development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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