Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females: Intertask consistency

Louise C. Hawkley, Mary Burleson, Kirsten M. Poehlmann, Gary G. Berntson, William B. Malarkey, John T. Cacioppo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Age-related structural and functional changes in the cardiovascular, sympathoadrenomedullary (SAM), and hypothalamicpituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) systems may affect the ability to reliably identify individual differences in response to stress. Heart rate, preejection period, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, respiratory rate, norepinephrine, epinephrine, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol were assessed in 64 healthy older women (mean = 67 years) in response to a mental arithmetic and public-speaking task. All cardiovascular and endocrine measures changed significantly during the tasks. All measures were consistent across the two tasks (rss = .50 to .97). Moreover, a majority of women in this sample exhibited cross-task consistency in the relative activation of the autonomic, SAM, and HPA systems (i.e., response profiles). Further research is recommended to examine the significance of consistent individual differences in response profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)863-872
Number of pages10
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume38
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Individuality
Aptitude
Respiratory Rate
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Epinephrine
Hydrocortisone
Norepinephrine
Heart Rate
Research
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular reactivity
  • Endocrine reactivity
  • Intertask consistency
  • Older women
  • Response profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Hawkley, L. C., Burleson, M., Poehlmann, K. M., Berntson, G. G., Malarkey, W. B., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females: Intertask consistency. Psychophysiology, 38(6), 863-872.

Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females : Intertask consistency. / Hawkley, Louise C.; Burleson, Mary; Poehlmann, Kirsten M.; Berntson, Gary G.; Malarkey, William B.; Cacioppo, John T.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 38, No. 6, 2001, p. 863-872.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawkley, LC, Burleson, M, Poehlmann, KM, Berntson, GG, Malarkey, WB & Cacioppo, JT 2001, 'Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females: Intertask consistency', Psychophysiology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 863-872.
Hawkley LC, Burleson M, Poehlmann KM, Berntson GG, Malarkey WB, Cacioppo JT. Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females: Intertask consistency. Psychophysiology. 2001;38(6):863-872.
Hawkley, Louise C. ; Burleson, Mary ; Poehlmann, Kirsten M. ; Berntson, Gary G. ; Malarkey, William B. ; Cacioppo, John T. / Cardiovascular and endocrine reactivity in older females : Intertask consistency. In: Psychophysiology. 2001 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 863-872.
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