Carbon emissions of on-site equipment use in post-tensioned slab foundation construction

Sivakumar Palaniappan, Howard Bashford, Ke Li, John Crittenden, Apostolos Fafitis, Leger Stecker, Steven Hay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper quantifies carbon emissions due to on-site equipment use in the post-tensioned slab foundation construction process of production homes in Phoenix Arizona. The construction activities performed during post-tensioned slab foundation construction, trades/sub-trades/vendors and the list of construction equipment used for every activity are identified. Data collection involved field visits to several subdivisions, interviews with trades, quantification of use time and the fuel use rate for each equipment as well as the fuel type used for every construction activity. Emissions from fuel consumption were quantified using the guidelines provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Analysis of emissions indicates that the concreting trade, the plumbing trade and the grading sub-trade are the three most significant trade components. Activities 'set floor', 'plumbing', 'pour floor' and 'backfill and grading' are the four most significant construction activities. Emissions of on-site equipment use are in the range of 4 to 15% of emissions due to transportation. This study is useful for home builders, trade contractors and vendors involved in production home building construction to measure emissions of on-site construction processes, identify significant construction activities and trade components and plan for improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConstruction Research Congress 2012
Subtitle of host publicationConstruction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress
Pages1662-1671
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2012
EventConstruction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World - West Lafayette, IN, United States
Duration: May 21 2012May 23 2012

Publication series

NameConstruction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress

Other

OtherConstruction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World
CountryUnited States
CityWest Lafayette, IN
Period5/21/125/23/12

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Keywords

  • Carbon emissions
  • Equipment use
  • On-site construction processes
  • Residential construction and post-tensioned slab foundation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Palaniappan, S., Bashford, H., Li, K., Crittenden, J., Fafitis, A., Stecker, L., & Hay, S. (2012). Carbon emissions of on-site equipment use in post-tensioned slab foundation construction. In Construction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress (pp. 1662-1671). (Construction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412329.167