Can Li-Ion batteries be the panacea for automotive applications?

A. Opitz, P. Badami, L. Shen, K. Vignarooban, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fuel economy of 31 MPG (based on combined city and highway) and Environment labels are being affixed to new vehicles after 2013 model year, as mandated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Most of the fuel-efficient 2016 model year passenger cars are hybrid electric vehicles. Hybrids combine the best features of the internal combustion engine with an electric motor powered by batteries and can significantly improve fuel economy. Plug-in hybrids are plugged into wall outlet for battery recharging or driven by electric motor for relatively longer distance. The all-electric vehicles are propelled by electric motor powered using rechargeable battery packs, emitting no tailpipe pollutants. Among various battery technologies, Li-ion battery system is the more preferable one for the automotive applications due to their relatively higher energy density. This review examines various aspects of Li-ion batteries related to performance, durability, energy management and safety related to automotive applications. The review also discusses about the possibility of automotive Li-Ion batteries towards second life in stationary applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-692
Number of pages8
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • After-life
  • Capacity fading
  • Cycle life
  • Electric vehicles
  • Li-ion Batteries
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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