Can Desalination be an Economically Viable Solution for Water Scarcity?

Farshad Mohammadi, Mostafa Sahraei-Ardakani, Yousef Al-Abdullah, Gerald Thomas Heydt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Seawater desalination is a technology which can produce potable water for many locations that currently face water scarcity. Various desalination technologies have been developed and used for years, and some locations rely on desalination to provide water for their population. However, despite all the technology enhancements, water desalination is viewed as an energy-intensive process. In this study, we discuss the economic aspects of large-scale electric desalination plants and suggest some suitable solutions to reduce the levelized cost of water production. Our simulation results show that the coordinated operation of power generation and water desalination can lead to a sizeable reduction in the final cost. Consequently, water availability can be enhanced for the communities that face water shortage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728117805
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Event9th Annual IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019 - Seattle, United States
Duration: Oct 17 2019Oct 20 2019

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019

Conference

Conference9th Annual IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period10/17/1910/20/19

Keywords

  • Economic analysis
  • electric energy markets
  • levelized cost of water
  • reverse osmosis
  • water desalination
  • water scarcity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health(social science)

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  • Cite this

    Mohammadi, F., Sahraei-Ardakani, M., Al-Abdullah, Y., & Heydt, G. T. (2019). Can Desalination be an Economically Viable Solution for Water Scarcity? In 2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019 [9033050] (2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/GHTC46095.2019.9033050