Calorimetric study of high-pressure phase transitions among the CdGeO3 polymorphs (pyroxenoid, garnet, ilmenite, and perovskite structures)

Masaki Akaogi, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

At high pressures, CdGeO3 pyroxenoid transforms to garnet, then to ilmenite, and finally to perovskite. Enthalpies of transition among the four phases were measured by high temperature calorimetry. The entropies of transition and slopes of the boundaries were calculated using the measured enthalpies and free energies calculated from the phase equilibrium data. Pyroxenoid and garnet are very similar energetically. However garnet is a high pressure phase because of its lower entropy and smaller volume. The pyroxenoid-garnet transition has a small positive P-T slope. Ilmenite is intermediate in enthalpy between garnet and perovskite, but is lower in entropy than both phases. Therefore the garnet-ilmenite transition has a positive dP/dT, while a negative dP/dT is calculated for the ilmenite-perovskite transition. The thermochemical data for the CdGeO3 phases are generally consistent with the observed high pressure phase relations. The high entropy of perovskite relative to ilmenite, observed in several ABO3 comounds including CdGeO3, is related to the structural features of perovskite, in which relatively small divalent cations occupy the large sites of 8-12 fold coordination. The thermochemistry of the CdGeO3 polymorphs shows several similarities to that of the CaGeO3 system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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