CALIBRATION of the EDGES HIGH-BAND RECEIVER to OBSERVE the GLOBAL 21 cm SIGNATURE from the EPOCH of REIONIZATION

Raul A. Monsalve, Alan E E Rogers, Judd Bowman, Thomas J. Mozdzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The EDGES High-Band experiment aims to detect the sky-average brightness temperature of the 21 cm signal from the epoch of reionization in the redshift range 14.8 ≲ z ≲ 6.5. To probe this redshifted signal, EDGES High-Band conducts single-antenna measurements in the frequency range 90-190 MHz from the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in Western Australia. In this paper, we describe the current strategy for calibration of the EDGES High-Band receiver and report calibration results for the instrument used in the 20152016 observational campaign. We propagate uncertainties in the receiver calibration measurements to the antenna temperature using a Monte Carlo approach. We define a performance objective of 1 mK residual rms after modeling foreground subtraction from a fiducial temperature spectrum using a five-term polynomial. Most of the calibration uncertainties yield residuals of 1 mK or less at 95% confidence. However, current uncertainties in the antenna and receiver reflection coefficients can lead to residuals of up to 20 mK even in low-foreground sky regions. These dominant residuals could be reduced by (1) improving the accuracy in reflection measurements, especially their phase, (2) improving the impedance match at the antenna-receiver interface, and (3) decreasing the changes with frequency of the antenna reflection phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number49
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume835
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2017

Keywords

  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Sun: filaments, prominences
  • galaxies: jets
  • plasmas
  • stars: winds, outflows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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