Calculus GPA and Math Identification as Moderators of Stereotype Threat in Highly Persistent Women

Julia R. Steinberg, Morris A. Okun, Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


The present research tested whether the effect of stereotype threat on calculus performance was moderated by calculus GPA and math identification in advanced undergraduate women majoring in science, technology, and engineering (STEM) fields. Women (n = 102) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions-stereotype threat, gender equivalence, or no mention (of gender). Confirming stereotype threat theory, at high levels of calculus GPA and math identification, women performed the worst in the stereotype threat condition, intermediate in the gender equivalence condition, and best in the no mention condition. Strategies to counter the inimical effects of stereotype threat are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-543
Number of pages10
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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